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o^ the ■ HISTORY 



Carroll I 


J. Elwood Carroll 




of {he 

North Carolina Annual Conference 

of (he 

Methodist Protestant 



With an Introduction by 

Paul Neff Garber 

By J. Elwood Carroll 

McCulloch & Swain, Printers 






who through active participation in several denominations, 

has demonstrated her sincere faith 

in Christian unity. 



The Methodist Protestant Church has for more than a century 
enjoyed a progressive denominational life and now is contributing 
to The Methodist Church the principle of lay representation. The 
North Carolina Annual Conference is the oldest conference of the 
Methodist Protestant Church and for these one hundred and eleven 
years has been one of the largest and most influential. 

The North Carolina Annual Conference of the Methodist Prot- 
estant Church decided in 193 8, upon the recommendation of 
Reverend S. W. Taylor, to have published the history of the Con- 
ference. J. Elwood Carroll, Historian of the Conference, was 
requested to write the history and a committee composed of S. W. 
Taylor, P. S. Kennett, J. E. Pritchard, and J. Norman Wills was 
elected to serve with the historian in issuing the book. 

Many people have contributed sacrificially of their time to the 
creation of this volume. The author expresses appreciation to them 
all, especially to Paul Neff Garber for the Introduction and his 
many helpful suggestions; to the members of the publication com- 
mittee for reading the manuscript; and to W. F. Ashburn, Mrs. 
R. W. May, Mrs. J. F. Dosier, and Mrs. F. S. Stockard for Journals 
of the Conference; and to High Point College for allowing access 
to the manuscripts and records stored there. 





Chapter Page 

Introduction ix 

I. The Origin of Democratic Methodism in America .... 11 

II. Democratic Principles in the Methodist 

Protestant Church 16 

III. Organization and Development of the North 

Carolina Conference 23 

IV. Development of North Carolina City Churches 29 

V. The North Carolina Conference Attitude 

Toward Social Issues 3 3 

VI. Church Papers of the North Carolina Conference ... 40 

VII. Early Adventures in Education 47 

VIII. Later Adventures in Education 54 

IX. Sunday Schools, Youth, and Women 62 

X. The Methodist Protestant Children's Home 69 

XI. The North Carolina Conference Attitude 

Towards Church Union 74 

XII. North Carolina Contributions of Men and Money .... 80 


A. Conference Directory 8 5 

B. Location of Churches by Counties 92 

C. North Carolina Annual Conference 

Sessions and Officers, 1828-1939 96 

D. General Conference Representatives 101 

E. Statistical Table by Five Year Periods 106 

F. References 107 

G. Brief Bibliography 110 




The year 1939 will always be a memorable date in Methodism 
for it marks the reunion of three branches of American Meth- 
odism, namely, the Methodist Protestant Church, the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. 
This represents the largest reunion in the history of Christendom. 
All Methodists can truly be proud of this leadership in the realiza- 
tion of the dream of many — a united Christian Church. 

Although the Methodist Protestant Church represents the smallest 
body numerically in the unification, yet it has made vital con- 
tributions toward the achievement of a united Methodism. The 
fathers of the Methodist Protestant Church believed in lay rep- 
resentation and when this was rejected by the General Conferences 
of 1824 and 1828 of the Methodist Episcopal Church, the Meth- 
odist Protestant Church came into existence. Other changes in 
polity were made, but the basic point of polity involved was lay 
representation. Years passed and not only did lay representation 
prove a success in the Methodist Protestant Church, but it was 
adopted in varying degrees in both the Methodist Episcopal Church 
and the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. At the General 
Conference of 1874 of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, 
Bishop H. N. McTyeire praised the Methodist Protestants for 
leading the way in lay representation. In response to the address of 
the fraternal messenger of the Methodist Protestant Church, 
Bishop McTyeire said: "Christians may not be proud. But to you 
and your people a large degree of self-complacency is allowable. 
You were before us in lay delegation. You set us the example in 
American Methodism. We like it well. The experiment has been 
entirely satisfactory." 

Not only did the Methodist Protestant Church give the principle 
of lay representation to The Methodist Church, but it also played 
an important part in securing organic union. Thomas Hamilton 
Lewis will always be remembered for his passionate pleas to the 
Northern and Southern Methodists to unite. In 1910 he declared: 
"It may be only a fancy, but we have thought that since our 
people in 1828 took the lead in showing them how to separate, we 
might be as successful in showing them how to get together." All 
who have served on the various unification commissions bear 
testimony to the contributions made by the Methodist Protestants 
toward the final approval of the Plan of Union. 

It is also worthy of note that the Methodist Protestant Church 
was the first to ratify the Plan of Union. Some non-Methodists 


have held that the Methodist Protestants would be completely 
submerged in the new church, but Bishop James H. Straughn well 
expressed the attitude of the Methodist Protestants when he said: 
"Few people outside our own church can quite understand what 
union means to us denominationally, and had we 'denominationally' 
considered the effects on our church alone, in all probability we 
should not have ratified at all. . . . But we voted as we did in the 
genuine belief that doing so we were making our contribution to 
the Kingdom." 

Since 1828 one of the strongest centers of the Methodist Prot- 
estant Church has been in North Carolina. The members in this 
state have been leaders in all denominational enterprises. High 
Point College and the Children's Home are also living witnesses to 
the contributions made to the educational and humanitarian life 
of the state. It is, therefore, very fitting that the annual con- 
ference of 193 8 made provision for the writing of the history of 
the Methodist Protestant Church in North Carolina. 

The selection of the author, the Reverend J. Elwood Carroll, to 
prepare the history was a very wise choice. While a student in the 
School of Religion of Duke University, Mr. Carroll showed special 
aptitude in the field of Church History. His thesis on The Rise of 
the Methodist Protestant Church has received high praise and is 
often consulted by students of church history. As a pastor for 
fourteen years he has been in close contact with the various 
activities of the Methodist Protestant Church in North Carolina. 
He has approached his task, therefore, from both the historical 
and practical aspects. Many hours of research have been given to 
this monograph. Mr. Carroll is to be congratulated upon the 
preparation of such a timely volume. It is a contribution not only 
to North Carolina Methodism but also to all Methodism. 

Paul Neff Garber 
Duke University 
September 5, 1939 


Chapter I 

The Origin of Democratic Methodism 
In America 

The spirit of democracy, which in civil affairs swept Andrew 
Jackson into the presidency of the United States, in ecclesiastical 
circles produced the Methodist Protestant Church. She is a branch 
of the Methodist family and differs only in form of government 
from the episcopal groups. Her struggle for democratic principles 
in church government is quite noble; but no doubt is largely the 
product of the age. 

Dramatically the democratic spirit reached its peak in national 
affairs with the election of Andrew Jackson president in 1828 and 
his inauguration in March, 1829. Concerning his inauguration, 
John Spencer Bassett said: "The oath taken, Andrew Jackson 
mounted his horse and rode to the White House, where a reception 
was tendered to any one who chose to come. Now followed n 
saturnalia. Statesmen and stable-boys, fine ladies and washerwomen, 
white people and blacks, all pushed into the mansion, grasped the 
hand of the president, if they could reach him, and rushed upon 
the waiters serving refreshments. From the rabble he was glad to 
escape by a side door, but the jostling crowd surged through the 
rooms, upsetting the trays in the hands of the servants, breaking 
the dishes, and leaping on the furniture in their eagerness to be 
served, until at last they were turned aside by some thoughtful 
person who had tubs of punch carried to the lawns, whither the 
mob quickly followed. Thus was inaugurated the rule of democ 
racy. ... It has been said that Jackson established democracy, bm 
it would be more accurate to say that from 1820 there was a 
great popular movement toward democracy, and that he became its 
exponent. He did much to guide it, but it existed before he was 
a presidential candidate, and his successes were based upon its 
power. He furnished a rallying point for the new movement, and 
his bold attacks on the other political leaders broke their rule and 
called into national and state offices men who were in sympathy 
with the democratic spirit of the day." 1 

That same spirit of democracy in American Methodism resulted 
in the formation of the Methodist Protestant Church in 1828. The 
Methodist Episcopal Church had been organized at the Christmas 
Conference, held in Baltimore, 1784, with membership limited to 
ministers. The various annual conferences also were composed only 
of ministers. Criticisms against this exclusive rule of the clergy 

[ HI 

were directed even from the formation of the church. From many 
angles disapproval was expressed. Over the entire geographical area 
of Methodism rumbled expressions of unrest and a desire for a 
more democratic form of government in the Methodist Episcopal 

The Methodist Episcopal Church possessed three characteristics 
against which the spirit of democracy worked. The two original 
Methodist societies in America — the one in Maryland and the 
other in New York City — had been organized by two men 
unknown to each other; but the Christmas Conference completed 
the unified organization insofar as the order of the ministry in 
the church was concerned. The Methodist Episcopal Church was 
directed by the two General Superintendents, under whom were 
the presiding elders, the latter having oversight of the preachers 
and deacons, who in turn, ministered to the people. Against this 
order of ministerial offices the spirit of democracy worked. 

The Methodist Episcopal Church had a second graduated scale 
in the form of the conferences. The highest authority was the 
General Conference which was both legislative and judicial in 
function. It was composed of the General Superintendents, soon 
called bishops, and all the travelling elders and deacons. The power 
to call succeeding General Conferences was vested in the General 
Superintendents. The conference below the General Conference 
was known as the annual conference because of its annual sittings."" 
Each of the annual conferences was composed of the General 
Superintendents and the travelling preachers of a certain area, 
however the areas were not definitely defined until 1792. The 
lowest governing body was the quarterly conference which was 
composed of all the travelling and local preachers, exhorters, 
stewards, and class leaders for that particular circuit or station. 
It was presided over by the presiding elder and functioned primarily 
by making plans for the growth of the church within the bounds 
of the quarterly conference and in the licensing of exhorters and 
local preachers. In this arrangement of conferences, however, the 
local preachers and laymen had no representation beyond the 
quarterly conference, a condition against which the spirit of 
democracy worked. 

The third characteristic of the early Methodist Episcopal Church 
was the absence of laymen in the annual and general conferences. 
In speaking of the Christmas Conference, Peter G. Mode says: 

* The term "district conference" was used interchangeably with "annual 
conference" especially during the early years of American Methodism. More 
recently "district" has been used to designate subdivisions within an annual 
conference area, therefore the term is used only in the latter sense in this book 
with the exception of its appearance in quotations where its meaning is obvious. 

[ 12] 

"Yet in its relation to the lay-membership of the churches; 
Conference all the while played an exclusive role of aristocracy. 
Laymen had contributed greatly toward the progress of early 
Methodism in the colonies. In their ways — through social prestige, 
hospitality, protection, construction of chapels — Judge White, 
Richard Barrett, Henry Gough and Judge Bassett, not to mention 
others less distinguished, had each done much to make Methodism 
worthy of the churchly independence conferred upon it through 
Coke's ordination and mission. Yet not one of these staunch 
supporters was honored with a summons to the deliberations of the 
Christmas Conference." " Against this condition the spirit of 
democracy worked. 

The spirit of democracy needed a body. It found that body in 
the so-called Union, or Reform Societies. When certain liberal 
delegates to the General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, meeting in Baltimore, in 1824, learned that their requests 
for the incorporation of democratic principles into the church 
government were declined, seventeen of them withdrew to Alex- 
ander M'Caine's Schoolhouse, where along with three other persons, 
on May 21, 1824, organized the first Union Society. In addition 
to the adoption of a constitution for the Union Society, they 
passed three resolutions which set forth the purpose of the new 
organization, namely: 

First, To institute a periodical publication, entitled, the 
Mutual Rights of the Ministers and Members of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, to be conducted by a committee of 
ministers and laymen. 

Secondly, To raise societies in all parts of the United States, 
whose duty it shall be to disseminate the principles of a well 
balanced church government, and to correspond with each 

Thirdly, To appoint a committee of their own body to 
draft a circular addressed to the ministers and members of 
the M. E. Church, and to forward the same forthwith to all 
parts of the United States/ 

So, for the purpose of discussing the form of church government, 
Union Societies were formed practically all over Methodism. Other 
societies were organized in Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, 
Tennessee, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Pennsylvania, New York, Ver- 
mont, and the present State of West Virginia. 

The first Union Society in North Carolina was formed at 
Sampson's Meeting-house in Halifax County, November 6, 1824. 
It was known as the Roanoke Union Society. It was the first to 

[ 13] 

be formed after the one organized in Baltimore, therefore is the 
second oldest in the United States. The Baltimore and Roanoke 
Union Societies became the models after which nearly all the other 
reform societies were organized until the Conventional Articles of 
182 8 offered a set form. The Roanoke Union Society was composed 
of eleven persons, seven local preachers and four laymen. 4 Eli B. 
Whitaker was chosen president. A committee on correspondence 
was elected; also a committee to draft a constitution. The society 
adjourned to meet again the last of the same month. The next 
meeting was held according to appointment, at Bradford's Meeting- 
house, and the constitution which the committee presented was 
adopted item by item. Eleven new members were received at this 
second meeting. The third gathering was held also at Bradford's, 
on April 30, 1825. William W. Hill and Miles Nash, ministers 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and two laymen united with 
the Union Society at the third session. 5 Eight more members were 
received at the fourth meeting of the Roanoke Union Society 
which was held in the same church on October 14, 1825. By the 
time of the fourth meeting, or second annual meeting, the mem- 
bership was thirty-four. 

Granville Union Society was the second reform organization in 
North Carolina, being formed during the latter part of July, 
1826.° The meeting was held in the Plank Chapel on Tar River 
Circuit. Anderson Paschall was chosen president; Lewellyn Jones, 
vice-president; and Jesse H. Cobb, secretary. Fifteen persons 
became members at this first session. The only requirements for 
membership, however, were that a person must be a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church and friendly to reform in the 
government of that church. 

Moriah Church, located a few miles southeast of Greensboro, on 
Guilford Circuit, was the place of organization of the third Union 
Society in North Carolina. During April of 1829, R. D. Mer- 
riwether, the superintendent of the Guilford Circuit, visited Moriah 
Church and after the regular preaching service called William 
Gilbreath aside and requested him to quit reading the Mutual 
Rights. Merriwether told Gilbreath that he would allow him a 
month in which to consider the matter and give an answer, 
whereupon Gilbreath retorted, "You need not give me five minutes, 
for I will read, and also circulate it, if anybody else wants to 
read the work." ' The society at Moriah gathered on May 7, at 
the request of William Gilbreath for the purpose of discussing 
the conversation which had taken place between him and the elder. 
John Coe presided at the meeting, and Joseph Gilbreath acted as 
secretary. The people decided to withdraw from the Methodist 
Episcopal Church and organized a Union Society composed of 

[ H] 

thirty-four members, thus leaving only two persons as members 
of the original church. 8 John Coe, a local preacher, acted as 
temporary pastor of the Moriah Associated Methodist Church. 

Two other societies were organized by the Reformers on Guilford 
Circuit during 1829. Due to the expulsion of Travis Jones from 
Bethel Church, the entire class, with two exceptions, withdrew 
from the Methodist Episcopal Church and formed an Associated 
Methodist Church. 9 A group of Reformers also organized at 
Liberty Methodist Episcopal Church, just north of the present 
town by that name, and took over the property. 

Let it not be thought, however, that these Reformers constituted 
a gang of "church thieves." With the exception of about half 
dozen churches — Sampson's, Eden, and Whitakers Chapel, in 
Halifax County; Union in Granville; Liberty in Randolph; and 
Moriah, Bethel, and Flat Rock, in Guilford — where practicallv the 
entire congregations went over to the Methodist Protestant Church, 
the local congregations were organized by evangelistic efforts of 
Methodist Protestant ministers. The buildings then were erected 
by these Methodist Protestant congregations. 

Before we consider the organization of these Union Societies into 
the North Carolina Annual Conference, let us consider the specific 
changes which the Reformers wished to institute. 


Chapter II 

Democratic Principles in the Methodist 
Protestant Church 

The Reformers did not originally intend to organize a new 
church. They did not wish to leave the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, but rather to reform its government. Reformation of the 
government of the Methodist Episcopal Church was the original 
purpose of those persons who agitated reform and later founded 
the Methodist Protestant Church. The Reformers hoped to convince 
the mother church of the reasonableness of their proposed changes. 
The formation of a new denomination was the only course to 
pursue after the large number of Reformers had been expelled 
from the Methodist Episcopal Church. It was as late as 1823 before 
division was even mentioned by the agitators, for in that year 
Nicholas Snethen said: "But if they (the members of the General 
Conference) remain inflexible, that we proceed to organize our- 
selves into a kind of patriotic society, for the purpose of obtaining 
and securing to ourselves, the rights of ecclesiastical suffrage, and 
acquiring a knowledge of our numbers, views and proceedings." 

Nicholas Snethen further declared that the purpose of the agita- 
tion was to convince a majority of the persons within the 
Methodist Episcopal Church to the views of the Reformers, and 
then consummate the proposed changes." Asa Shinn agreed with 
Snethen and added in 1824, "To reform and not divide is much 
more difficult in church than in state." '' Shinn had never lost 
sight of the unhappy outcome of the O'Kelly Schism in 1792, 
which took thousands from the Methodist Episcopal Church and 
resulted in the formation of the Christian Church which recently 
was united with the Congregational Church. 

Delegates from the Union Societies gathered in Baltimore in 
1828, still bent upon reform, and adopted temporary "Articles of 
Association." These articles were to be used as guiding principles 
until reform could be consummated. They actually remained in 
force until 1830 when a second Convention was held in the same 

In essence, the "Articles of Association" were: 

1. The Articles of Religion, General Rules, Means of Grace, 
Moral Discipline, and Rites and Ceremonies in the main of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church are hereby adopted. 


2. Each local church shall have sole power to admit societies, 
which in turn shall choose their own trustees. 

3. The right of property is vested in the respective societies. 

4. Every accused person shall have a fair trial, and the right 
of appeal. 

5. Each station and circuit shall have a quarterly conference 
with certain designated duties and prerogatives. 

6. There shall be one or more annual conferences in each state, 
with an equal number of ministers and laymen. 

7. Each annual conference shall elect its president and secretary. 

8. Each annual conference shall adopt its own mode of stationing 
the ministers. 

9. The president of the annual conference shall perform certain 
duties herein stated. 

10. The powers of the annual conference are defined. 

11. The annual conference is to regulate and ordain the itinerants. 

12. The annual conference shall fix its time and place of sitting. 

13. The travelling preachers are subject to the appointment of 
the annual conference, and entitled to the same allowance as 
provided by the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

14. The preacher in charge of a circuit shall have certain duties 
herein stated. 

15. "Nothing contained in these Articles is to be construed to 
interfere with the right of property belonging to any member, 
as recognized by the laws of the state within the limits of 
which the members may reside." 

16. A General Convention composed of ministers and laymen, 
chosen by the annual conference, shall convene in Baltimore, 
the first Tuesday in November, 1830. 

17. Certain rights and privileges are herein granted to super- 
numerary and superannuated preachers in proportion to their 
active service. 4 

The name "Methodist Protestant Church" was adopted at the 
Convention held in Baltimore in 183 0. At this second General 
Convention the objectives of the Reformers were incorporated in 
the newly adopted "Constitution and Discipline of the Methodist 
Protestant Church," which contained a historical sketch of Meth- 
odism, the Constitution with its preamble and seventeen articles, 
Wesley's General Rules, the regular Methodist Twenty-Five Articles 
of Religion, the ritual for the celebration of baptism, communion, 
burial, ordination, and marriage, as well as the required course 


of study for preachers on trial, blanks and forms for various uses, 
and a statement of the boundaries of the several annual con- 

Membership in a local church was based upon only one require- 
ment: — "A desire to flee from the wrath to come, and be saved 
by grace, through faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, with an avowed 
determination to walk in all the commandments of God blame- 
less." 5 

The five major principles of democracy which were incorporated 
into the Methodist Protestant Church are the mode of trial, the 
rights of local preachers, the elimination of the presiding elders, 
the disposal of the power of bishops and regulating of the power 
of the General Conference, and equal representation of laymen 
and ministers in the annual and general conferences. 

1. The Mode of Trial may seem a minor matter until it 
deprives you of your justice. Criticism of the mode of trial as 
incorporated in the Discipline of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
began in 1798 when Simon Sommers suggested to Bishop Asbury 
that the mode of trial should be altered. The major objection to 
the mode of trial as practiced by the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
advanced by the Reformers, was that it did not allow the accused 
person ample time to prepare his defense between the date on 
which he received his notice and the convening of the court to 
hear his case. Samuel K. Jennings, of Baltimore, received his 
summons on September 10, 1827, and was to be tried the next 
day. William W. Hill, of North Carolina, had only a two-day 
notice of his trial. So, in an effort to get a change in the mode of 
trial, the General Reform Convention, which met in Baltimore 
during November of 1827, requested in its memorial to the 
mode of trial in the Methodist Protestant Church was fully and 
pedantically set forth in Articles X and XIV of the Constitution, 
which parts could be changed only by a two-thirds vote of the 
annual conferences and the General Conference. 

2. The Rights of the Local Preachers were of concern to the 
Reformers. John Wesley had the wonderful ability to use laymen 
in his evangelical movement. These men were given a license to 
preach and exhort. The number of these travelling and local 
preachers was ever increasing. It has been estimated that there 
were at least two thousand local preachers in America by 1804." 
Bishop Asbury had a list of 1,610 local preachers' names and 
addresses in 1809, but he supposed that the number represented 
only about half the total. By 1823 there were 6,878 local preachers 
in American Methodism.' 

These local preachers had no vote in any of the governing bodies 
of the Church. John C. French, in 1820, brought their cause 

[ 18] 

before the General Conference, pointing out that friction existed 
between the local preachers and travelling ministers. French asked 
that, either the local preachers be given a voice in the governing 
bodies, or be allowed to have their own separate conferences. The 
latter privilege was granted, but soon repealed. 

In the Methodist Protestant Church, the local preachers were 
made official members of the quarterly conference and could be 
elected as official delegates to the annual and general conferences. 

3. The Reformers wanted to have the Presiding Elders elected* 
by the annual conferences instead of being appointed bv the 
bishops. The presiding elder was the "assistant bishop." The 
position, but not the title of presiding elder, had been recognized 
at the Christmas Conference. In fact, the thirteen elders elected 
there were presiding elders, for each of them had a certain 
territory and several preachers under his care and supervision. 
The title "presiding elder" appears in the Minutes of the Council 
in 1789 and 1790, then lost until officially adopted in 1797. s 

The Presiding Elder had the power to change, receive, or suspend 
preachers during the intervals between annual conference sessions; 
to call together the preachers at each quarterly meeting; to see 
that the Discipline was enforced; and to attend the bishop when 
present in the elder's district, and give him a written account of 
affairs when absent. In this way no preacher of any grade or 
station was ever left a day without a superior. DuBose says, "The 
presiding eldership in early Methodism was the right arm of its 
power. It made the episcopacy effective — the episcopacy as 
expressed in the authority, personality, and policy of Francis 
Asbury." 8 

The first entrance of the presiding elder issue into the General 
Conference was in 1800. There had been, however some criticisms 
of the power of the bishop which power had been augmented by 
the increasing number of presiding elders. At this General Con- 
ference a resolution was offered authorizing the annual confer- 
ences to elect the presiding elders within their areas. The resolution 
was lost. The issue has come up in some form in practically every 
General Conference since that time; also, in the General Conference 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, but has always been 

The Methodist Protestant Church solved the problem in the 
early years by having the stationing committee designate the 
"presiding elders," who supervised the several preachers on a 
circuit. The appointment was for one year only, but the presiding 
elder could succeed himself. Gradually circuits were divided into 
smaller fields of labor until each appointment became the individual 
responsibility of a minister, hence the need for a presiding elder to 


superintend the preachers no longer existed. The office and title 
was discontinued in the Methodist Protestant Church. With the 
entrance of the Methodist Protestants into The Methodist Church, 
where the presiding elder (now called district superintendent) is 
appointed by the bishop, one wonders if the Reformers do not yet 
have a task ahead of them in working for the election of the 
district superintendents. 

4. Closely related to the presiding elder issue was that of the 
Power of the Bishops and the General Conference. The issue was 
brought to a focus in September, 1822, when Nathan Bangs issued 
his pamphlet, Vindication of Methodist Episcopacy, which he 
defended upon the sole ground of "necessity from the moral state 
of society." l0 Prior to that time much discussion of, and criticism 
directed towards the Church which had in its governing bodies 
only ministers, and they in turn controlled by presiding elders and 
bishops, had been published in the Wesley Repository. 

The Methodist Protestant Church solved the question of the 
power of the bishop and the General Conference by a three-fold 
process: first, it refused to have a bishop; secondly, it distributed 
the governing power of the Church over the three conferences — 
general, annual, and quarterly; and finally, it selected laymen in 
a great majority for membership in the quarterly conference, and 
in equal number with ministers in the annual and general 

5. The Reformers desired Lay Representation in the Governing 
Bodies of the Church. Lay representation proved to be the main 
issue advocated by the Reformers, and some of our ardent unionists 
today would make you think it was the ONLY issue! Lay rep- 
resentation had been suggested as early as 1794, but became an 
issue only after 1822 when William S. Stockton said: "A legislative 
body when properly constituted is limited by the mutual consent 
of the constituents and the representatives. The constituent agrees 
to obey laws which do not abridge his inalienable rights, and the 
representative agrees to enact no laws which shall abridge those 
rights." n By 1824 the Reformers had agreed that lay representation 
in the annual and general conferences was the right which they 
should demand. The General Conference of that same year rejected 
the request of a petition that lay representation be granted. 

Full lay representation was recognized in the First General 
Conference of the Methodist Protestant Church and is to be a basic 
principle in The Methodist Church. The day of the Reformers has 
come and the words of Nicholas Snethen, of 1834, are realized: 
"The point of controversy is reduced to a unit — a pure, unmixed 
question of representation. If we are true to it, if we are not 
ashamed of it, if we glory in it, it must finally prevail, and 


proselyte every Methodist in the United States. They may, indeed 
remain Episcopal Methodists, but so sure as we are not moved 
away from our high calling, the whole lump will be leavened into 
Representation Methodists. . . . The doctrine of representation is 
just as true as the results of two and two. It will finally convince 
millions, as well as thousands; it will, indeed convince all the 
world." 12 



The North Carolina Annual Conference, the oldest conference 
in the Methodist Protestant Church, was organized in this church 
on Friday, December 19, 1828. Whitaker's Chapel has rendered 
service to the residents of Halifax County for almost two cen- 
turies, having been erected about 1740. The present structure is 
the third building to stand on the same site. The edifice is well 
kept, neat, and very attractive both as to its sylvan setting and 
interior finish. It constitutes one of the outstanding shrines of 
democratic Methodism of America. Those desiring to visit the 
historic place may do so by travelling seven miles of improved 
highway leading southeast from the town of Enfield, North 
Carolina. (Photograph by the author) . 


Chapter III 

Organization and Development of the 

North Carolina Annual 


The North Carolina Annual Conference is the oldest conference 
in the Methodist Protestant Church. :: " It is older than any other 
annual conference and also older than the General Conference. At 
a call issued to the members of the Union Societies in North 
Carolina, delegates gathered on Friday, December 19, 1828, at 
Whitaker's Chapel, located in Halifax County about seven miles 
southeast of Enfield, and organized the North Carolina Annual 
Conference. Due to the short notice given, it seems that ministers, 
preachers, and laymen were present only from the Roanoke Union 

The place itself is historic. Richard Whitaker had settled on a 
grant of land there about 1740, and immediately upon the com- 
pletion of his home erected a log chapel. This structure was 
replaced by a second, and now a third. Originally it was used by 
the Church of England, then by the Methodist Episcopal Church 
until 1828, when it became the first Methodist Protestant Church 
in North Carolina. Bishop Asbury is reported to have preached 
there. 1 

The first session of the North Carolina Conference included the 
following twenty-six official members: 2 


James Hunter 
William Bellamy 
Miles Nash 
William W. Hill 
William Price 
Eli B. Whitaker 
Albriton Jones 
Henry B. Bradford 
Thomas Moore 

Local Preachers Laymen 

Asa Steely 
Aquilla Norman 
Ira Norman 
Thomas Steely 
Israel Hutchins 

Arthur Pitman 
Exum Lewis 
Absalom B. Whitaker 
William E. Bellamy 
L. H. B. Whitaker 
John F. Bellamy 
David Barrow 
Eli B. Whitaker, Jr. 
James C. Whitaker 
Richard Jones 
Wilson C. Whitaker 
Richard H. Whitaker 

* When the North Carolina Annual Conference is hereafter mentioned, unless 
otherwise indicated, it is that of the Methodist Protestant Church. 


North Carolina Annual Conference officers were selected, con- 
sisting of Miles Nash, secretary, and Wilson C. Whitaker, 
treasurer. During the first day Eli B. Whitaker served as president 
pro tempore; the second day James Hunter served; and William W. 
Hill was chosen president to serve from the time of adjournment 
of Conference to the convening of the next session. All these 
officers were ministers.* Friday and Saturday were spent mostly 
with business, then Sunday was given over to religious services 
without any records being kept. Most of the delegates apparently 
departed for their homes on Monday morning and William W. 
Hill set forth to travel the Conference as the first president. 

The early conference sessions were divided between business and 
preaching services. The sermons were numerous and lengthy. The 
business consisted of the examination of the character of the 
preachers and ministers, the renewing of preachers' licenses, the 
ordaining of ministers, the transaction of incidental business, and 
the stationing of the preachers and ministers for the ensuing year. 
William W. Hill served as president for five years. The first year 
there were only four circuits — Roanoke, Liberty (in and around 
Williamston) , Warrenton, and Oxford — then in 1829 were added 
Hillsborough and Guilford.' 

An interesting study is the development of committees in the 
annual conference. The first session had only three committees — 
one to station the preachers for the ensuing year, one to arrange 
for preaching at the Conference church, and one on correspondence 
during the interim between conferences. Thus with all the business 
of the conference being handled by the conference as a whole, 
considerable time was spent on many details. It required, for 
example, several days to examine the character of the ministers, 
especially if charges were preferred and trials instituted. Today 
practically nothing is brought before the Conference except in the 
reports of an officer, a board, or a committee. Only occasionally 
a resolution is presented from the conference floor. All other 
business items, including the consideration of the character of the 
ministers, have been considered by, and bear the recommendation 
of, a committee before they come before the Conference itself. At 
present more than thirty boards and committees handle the business 
of the Conference. 

The stationing committee, the function of which is to assign 
the ministers to their fields of labor for the coming year, at present 
is composed of the president of the Annual Conference and one 

* In so brief a space it is impossible to indicate each time a person is named 
as to whether he is a minister or layman. In Appendix A will be found a list 
of the ministers. Names not found in this list, unless otherwise indicated, are 


layman, who is selected by the Conference for that purpose. This 
arrangement has been in effect twenty years. The report of the 
Stationing Committee, like any other report, is subject to the vote 
of the Conference. In addition, after the report is adopted, the case 
of any minister or church may be brought before the Committee 
on Appeals. The Committee on Appeals has been in existence almost 
from the beginning of the North Carolina Conference. Originally it 
was composed of five members, 4 but in 1897 was changed to 
include three ministers and three laymen. 

The first Stationing Committee was elected by the members of 
the Annual Conference and was composed of three ministers: 
William W. Hill, William Bellamy, and Eli B. Whitaker. The 
Committee, during several years, was composed of three ministers 
and two laymen, until in 1836, when it was changed to consist of 
the president of the Annual Conference and four laymen. 7 Shortly 
thereafter the Stationing Committee was enlarged to include the 
president and one layman from each circuit or station. This 
arrangement continued for more than fifty years. The Annual 
Conferences of 1893, 1894, and 1896, chose the president as the 
Stationing Committee. R. R. Ross, in 1895, offered a motion 
requiring the Committee be composed of the president, two other 
ministers, and two laymen.^ The stationing authority, by decision 
of the Conference of 1897, was vested in a committee composed 
of a minister, elected by the ministers, and a layman, elected by 
the laymen, but the president of the Conference could not be the 
ministerial member of the Stationing Committee. This arrangement 
continued until 1919, at which time it was changed making the 
president "the ministerial member of the committee: . . . provided, 
when a new president is elected, the retiring president shall be 
added to the committee." 9 This is the arrangement which has 
prevailed for the past twenty years. 

A Standing District Committee (more accurately should be 
called "Standing Conference Committee") was selected at the 
second session of the North Carolina Annual Conference primarily 
to have oversight of the president during the interim between 
conferences. The committee was composed of five members, all of 
whom were ministers. This committee has continued through all 
these years, but the membership has been enlarged to include three 
ministers and three laymen. Its duties have been enlarged until it 
now acts in behalf of the Annual Conference when the Conference 
is not in session. 

The North Carolina Annual Conference as a whole took up and 
considered individually the character of each minister. It also 
examined those persons who applied for entrance. A Committee on 
Examination was first appointed in 183 5. 10 This committee in- 


quired into the religious experience and educational qualifications 
of the candidates, then made recommendations to the Conference. 
A definite course of study for the candidates was adopted and a 
faculty to give examinations in the various courses was appointed 
in 1893. 11 It has been the regular custom of the faculty since 1902, 
to meet the afternoon preceding the convening of the North 
Carolina Conference for the purpose of considering entrance 
applications and giving examinations to those preachers who were 
taking the conference course of study. 12 

The Board of Church Extension of the North Carolina Annual 
Conference is the direct successor of the North Carolina Missionary 
Society, which was organized at the conference session of 1845. 
It was at the sitting held that year in Whitaker's Chapel that 
G. A. T. Whitaker presented a plan for the organization and 
administration of The Methodist Protestant Missionary Society of 
the North Carolina Conference. "The object of this society is to 
enable the Conference more effectively to extend their work 
throughout the State." 13 Meetings of the Missionary Society were 
held annually in connection with the Conference sessions. The 
name was changed in 1882 to that of the Board of Church 
Extension? 4, Benefits of the Missionary Society were distributed 
mostly during the first forty years of its existence to travelling 
missionaries who were assigned to new territory for the purpose 
of organizing and developing churches there. The Board of Church 
Extension, after about 1890, spent most of its funds on ministers 
and church buildings in the cities. The city projects are discussed 

The North Carolina Annual Conference sessions for many years 
in the beginning were a series of sermons and miscellaneous business 
transactions. The Conference in 1847 ordered that "the President 
at the opening of each session of Conference . . . shall present in 
writing a statement of the condition of each circuit and station 
and mission within the district from his observation and examina- 
tion." : ' This order, however, must not have been taken very 
seriously because President Alson Gray did not comply with it the 
following year. President William H. Wills in 1849, however read 
a written report on the state of the church. The president's report 
has been an annual custom since that time. 

During the early years of the Conference it was usually the 
order of the day to adjourn business at eleven o'clock each morning 
for preaching from then until 12:30 o'clock. In more recent years 
the preaching has been limited to the devotional services at the 
opening of each Conference session, the Conference Sermon de- 
livered the opening morning of Conference, the Ordination Sermon 
on Sunday morning, and the supplying of the pulpits of neigh- 


boring churches that desire Methodist Protestant ministers on 
Conference Sunday. Ordination took place at whatever time each 
Conference designated. In 1910 it was ordered that the Conference 
Sermon be preached the opening morning of Conference. This 
duty devolved upon the President, but made a difficult task since 
that same day he had to read his annual report. 10 The Annual 
Conference of 192 5 elected one of its ministers to preach the 
Conference Sermon at the next session. Each year a minister is 
selected for the following year. Holy Communion has been 
administered immediately following the Conference Sermon annually 
since 1912. 

The miscellaneous hour of ordination gave some of the brethren 
serious concern, hence T. M. Johnson offered a resolution in 1912, 
which was adopted as follows: "Our Ordination Services should 
be as impressive as possible, because of the importance which at- 
taches to the setting apart by the laying on of hands as Elders; 
therefore, Resolved, That this Conference elect a man to preach 
the Ordination Sermon next Conference provided there are any to 
be ordained, and that each Annual Conference elect a man to 
preach an Ordination Sermon at the succeeding Conference. . . ." " 
This sermon was to be preached in the Conference Church on 
Sunday morning and the ordination service to follow immediately. 

The Superannuated Fund Society was organized in 1848 upon 
the recommendation of John Paris. He proposed, "That in view of 
sustaining and providing for the contingencies of an active and 
efficient itineracy, it is proposed that this Conference adopt measures 
to raise a permanent fund, the proceeds of which be alone applied 
to the support of the Superannuated ministers, and preachers, who 
may have worn themselves out in the itinerant service of the 
Conference, their widows and orphans; said proceeds to be ap- 
propriated according to rule hereafter adopted." ls Attached to his 
resolution was a constitution of the Superannuated Fund Society. 
The affairs of the Society were to be handled by a Board of 
Governors consisting of five persons elected by the Annual Con- 
ference. L. W. Batchelor was chosen treasurer. By donations and 
bequests the Fund grew to about $3,000, but most of that amount 
was lost through bad investments in the seventies. 19 Since that 
time the Society has been mostly a dispensing agency, distributing 
each year what has been collected for superannuates during that 
year. The annual amounts distributed range from a few dollars to 
a maximum of $420 during the years 1919 and 1920. J. Norman 
Wills, of Greensboro, has been treasurer of the Society since 1898. 

The President of the Annual Conference had to provide his own 
home for many years, because it was not until 1913 that a 
committee was appointed to make recommendations regarding a 


Conference Parsonage. The committee recommended that a perma- 
nent committee of two ministers and three laymen be constituted, 
"whose duty it shall be to devise plans and means for securing a 
home in the central part of the State to be used by the President." ' 
The following year, T. A. Hunter, Treasurer of the Committee, 
reported that a lot had been bought in Greensboro for $500, of 
which amount $271.43 had already been paid. It was not until 
December 1917, however, that a nine-room house at 126 Tate 
Street, Greensboro, was bought as the President's Parsonage, for 
the price of $4,750. The original lot of 5 5x150 feet was widened 
by an additional purchase of a 15 -foot strip on the South side for 
$450. J At this session in 1928, "after some discussion, Conference 
voted to instruct the District Parsonage Trustees to dispose of the 
property in Greensboro, and to buy a property in High Point." " 
The home of H. A. Garrett, 909 West College Drive, High Point, 
was purchased and the president moved there. The Tate Street 
property was not disposed of until the summer of 1939. The 
Conference parsonage in High Point was sold to High Point 
College that same year. 

A serious issue agitated the North Carolina Conference during 
much of its first fifty years of existence. The issue was the 
division of the Conference into East and West. Until the develop- 
ment of churches in the mountains of North Carolina, the churches 
of the Methodist Protestant Conference formed themselves geo- 
graphically into two groups. The one group contained churches 
from Albemarle Sound westward to Oxford. Then there were no 
churches for about fifty miles westward. The second group of 
churches, therefore, lay in the Piedmont section of the State. With 
the numerical increase there was a growing sentiment to divide the 
Conference into two annual conferences. The line of division was 
to pass North and South through the town of Hillsboro. Almost 
annually from 1847 to 1878 there was offered in some form a 
resolution calling for the division of the area into two conferences. 
At the session being held in Yadkin College, Davidson County, 
in 1878, upon the motion of William H. Wills the territory was 
divided into the "North Carolina Annual Conference" and the 
"Western North Carolina Annual Conference." The eastern section 
had eight circuits, one mission, and about 2,500 members; the 
Western Conference had 18 circuits, 3 missions and nearly 8,500 
members. John Paris said, "This was a division forced upon the 
minority by an arbitrary majority." " 3 Each of the two Conferences 
continued its own sessions there at Yadkin College, the one upstairs 
and the other downstairs. Separate sessions were again held in 1879, 
but the two conferences were re-united at Tabernacle Church, 
Guilford County, in 1880." 4 


Chapter IV 

Development of North Carolina 
City Churches 

The Methodist Protestants in North Carolina were predominantly 
a rural denomination for the first seventy-five years of their 
existence. All of the earlier churches were in the open country. 
Pioneer mission points were country cross-roads and school houses. 
There were no city churches of lasting importance until about 

The earliest city churches were in towns which were not 
immediately surrounded by Methodist Protestant Churches, there- 
fore lacked feeder organizations. All of these earlier churches, no 
doubt largely for this reason, failed and were closed. Among the 
early city churches, for example, might be mentioned Wilmington, 
Fayetteville, Edenton, and Rocky Mount. They all had their 
struggles and ultimately were discontinued. 

The Conference leaders, so it seems, were satisfied to remain a 
rural church until about 1873. In that year Winston was the only 
city church and was so weak that it might best be called a mission. 
The Committee on Missions recommended: "With respect to 
Greensboro as a missionary field, we are equally unprepared to 
speak, but we believe under all the circumstances, the time has 
come when we should turn our attention to the towns, more 
particularly than we have done heretofore. In appointing ministers 
to fields of missionary work we do recommend, that none but 
men of good experience and attainments; a man fitted for the 
work should be selected, and proper arrangements be made for his 
support." • If the time had come, then the people were slow to 
keep pace with that time. 

It was as late as 18 80 before any definite action was taken 
towards development of the city churches. At the Conference that 
year it was voted to contribute $600 to the Winston Church 
provided the property be turned over to the Conference in good 
faith." The Methodist Protestant Church of Henderson was or- 
ganized in 1881," but it was as late as 1886 before Greensboro was 
mentioned as a field of endeavor. In that year the Board of 
Church Extension was requested to take Greensboro under con- 
sideration as a mission point. A committee composed of the 
following seven persons was appointed to look after the interests 
in Greensboro: T. J. Ogburn/c. A. Pickens, R. H. Wills, J. R. 
Ball, J. L. Michaux, J. L. Ogburn, and David Hunter. 4 The work 


of the Committee was carried on and at the end of three years 
J. R. Ball reported that between $3,000 and $4,000 had been 
subscribed for a church there." R. H. Wills and J. R. Ball were 
assigned joint agents for the Greensboro enterprise, but upon the 
resignation of Wills, Ball continued the work alone. 6 

J. R. Ball organized a church in Greensboro during May, 1891. 
The Sunday school had been in operation several weeks before the 
church was formed. The Greensboro appointment was left unsup- 
plied at the Conference of that fall, but the character of W. F. 
Ohrum, of Maryland, was passed with the thought in mind that he 
would be assigned the Greensboro Church the coming spring upon 
his graduation from Westminster Theological Seminary. Ohrum 
came as pastor in the spring of 1892 and proposed that the new 
church should be called "Grace." The North Carolina Conference 
had for 1892 "ordered that one-third of the Local Missionary 
money raised ... be appropriated to the finishing of the Greensboro 
Church." 7 

The Asheboro Methodist Protestant Church was organized under 
the leadership of W. M. Pike in 1891. He served it as pastor that 
year. C. A. Cecil, in 1892, was assigned Asheboro along with 
Randleman as his field of labor.* 

Concerning the possibilities of a Methodist Protestant Church 
in Burlington, President W. A. Bunch said in 1890: "I am informed 
by the pastor of Bellemont Mission, that there are in and near 
the growing town of Burlington 14 Methodist Protestant families, 
and not even an appointment to preach there until this year, 
although Burlington is very near a central point within the bounds 
of Bellemont Mission. . . . 

While others are building at Liberty, yet we are the 
strongest denomination in the place. The census report reveals 
the fact that in one county alone there are 27 Methodist 
Protestant Churches with 1,956 members, but no M. P. 
Church at the county seat, which has recently become a 
railroad terminus. Several of our members have already located 
in the town, in the future the influx from the country to the 
town must be largely of our members. I might here mention 
the possibilities of occupying the important and inviting towns 
of High Point, Reidsville, Plymouth, and others, but perhaps 
it is not necessary to enlarge, for we cannot longer afford to 
ignore those growing centers of population and influence. 

The matter of organizing and developing a church in High 
Point was, in 1893, put under the supervision of T. T. Ferree 
and W. A. Bunch. They had charge of the money being invested 

[ 30] 

there by the Board of Home Missions of the general church. 
To the next Conference, W. A. Bunch reported almost thirteen 
hundred dollars subscribed on the High Point church building, 
with almost eight hundred already paid. A subscription then was 
taken in the Conference and the amount of three hundred and 
fifty dollars was pledged. 10 "It was voted that certain money col- 
lected for a monument to Rev. Alson Gray be used in placing a 
memorial window for him in the High Point church." 3 

At the same Conference the organization of a small society in 
Lexington, by N. M. Modlin, was reported. President T. T. Ferree 
remarked that "as we have some good material in the town, wise 
and well directed efforts should be put forth toward building a 
bouse of worship at no distant day. I believe a handsome house of 
worship can be built here the coming year." 1_ 

By way of summary of the city church situation up to 1896, a 
comment from the report of President W. A. Bunch is appropriate: 
"The Conference should feel especially proud of the splendid church 
extension work which has been accomplished in the recent past. 
In the past six years, we have organized societies and built church 
edifices in the towns of Greensboro, Asheboro, Liberty, Burlington, 
Gibsonville, High Point, New London, Creswell, and McFarland, 
and the way opened to work and to some extent done in Siler 
City, Yadkinville, and Pinnacle. The work accomplished in those 
towns has added more to our prestige and influence as a denomina- 
tion than the fifty-five years' work which had preceded it." 

President Bunch, in 1896, considered the city of Charlotte an 
inviting field for a mission. Scores of our people had located there 
and had made request for pastoral supply the coming year." E. G. 
Lowdermilk was assigned to Charlotte Mission that year but was 
released before the convening of the next Conference. 

Pastoral appointments had been maintained for a number of 
years in Western North Carolina and East Tennessee, but it was 
not until 1894 that any attention was given to the organization 
of a church in the city of Asheville. A committee composed of 
R. T. Pickens, S. V. Pickens, and J. R. Savage was appointed to 
investigate the possibilities of organizing a church there. The 
committee made report in 1897 and said: "We find there to be 
quite a number of members in the city. An organization has been 
perfected the past year, but owing to the fact that they have 
service but one Sabbath in the month but little progress has 
marked the year's labors." lD 

There was a general feeling during the closing years of the 
nineteenth century that the advent of the twentieth century 
should be celebrated in some appropriate Christian manner. Sir 
Robert Perks, a Member of Parliament and an English Methodist, 


suggested that a large fund be raised for educational purposes. The 
idea met with a favorable response both in England and in 
America. The North Carolina Conference shared this feeling and 
desire, but having no educational institution in this State, upon the 
suggestion of R. H. Brooks, it was decided to undertake to raise 
S3, 000 for the Board of Church Extension. The money thus raised 
was to be used on city mission projects. O. R. Cox, a layman of 
Cedar Falls, immediately gave $5 00 to be used on the mission 
project in Rocky Mount, North Carolina. Brooks, who was 
treasurer of the Board of Church Extension, reported to the 
Conference of 1900 that there had been collected during the year 
$2,761.33, with an additional amount of $291.50 in unpaid pledges. 

A church was organized in Reidsville about 1900, and during 
1902 a congregation was formed in Concord and a lot purchased 
lor a building. 

Churches were formed during the coming years in West 
Burlington, West Thomasville, Lexington, Revolution and West 
End, Greensboro. Each of these projects required considerable outlay 
by the Board of Church Extension. Because of the general economic 
struggle of local congregations and the demands made upon the 
Board of Church Extension of the North Carolina Conference no 
new city building projects have been undertaken in recent years 
by the Conference. 

The Methodist Protestants in North Carolina come to this day 
of Methodist Union with the realization that there are many cities 
in the State where they have no churches. The Conference, 
therefore, had come face to face with the fact that either the 
Methodist Protestants in North Carolina must go into these cities 
and organize mission churches, or else unite with some denomina- 
tion which was already organized through the rural areas and in 
every town and city of the State. 

It is obviously a very expensive undertaking to launch a new 
church in a thriving city. City people demand city accommodations 
and appearances in their churches. Building and maintaining 
churches is in a sense a competitive business if a congregation is 
to be built up in numbers to the place where it is self-supporting. 
It of necessity, therefore, requires tens of thousands of dollars to 
enter a new city and get a church established. Due to the economic 
conditions of the past decade the North Carolina Conference has 
not had the necessary funds to enter these cities. 


Chapter V 

The North Carolina Conference Attitude 
Towards Social Issues 

The Methodist Protestant Church in North Carolina has been 
evangelistic in zeal for the Kingdom. The Conference from the 
beginning has been true to the Wesleyan evangelistic mission. The 
emphasis during the early years was upon revivals. Methodist 
Protestants have been characterized by their individual piety and 
personal religion. The labors of the Conference, however, have not 
been confined to personal religion to the neglect of social reform. 
The North Carolina Conference has a noble record in regard to all 
reform issues with the possible exception of slavery. 

1. Slavery. The North Carolina Conference instructed the 
delegates to the General Conference of 1838, as follows: "If the 
subject of Slavery is broached in the General Conference, our 
delegates are instructed to inform that body that the North 
Carolina District does not consider that a debatable subject." 
Evidently the General Conference did not agree with the North 
Carolina Conference because the Minutes of 1839 stated: "The 
following preamble and resolutions were read and unanimously 
(passed) : 

Whereas, much has been said and done on the subject of 
Abolition in many of the Northern Conferences, and, whereas, 
we have learned from our Delegates to the General Conference 
that some of our Northern friends are determined still to 
agitate the subject and urge it upon our Legislative bodies for 
action contrary as we believe to the spirit and letter of the 
Constitution, Therefore 

Resolved 1st. That it is high time for the Southern Con- 
ference to speak in language upon this subject that shall not 
be misunderstood. 

Resolved 2nd. That we do not recognize the right of 
Northern men to dictate to us upon the question of slavery, 
or any other, so long as we have the Bible for our guide in 
matters of morality, and the Constitution as our protection 
in Church privileges as members of the Methodist Protestant 

Resolved 3rd. That if the General Conference pass any 
resolution upon the subject of slavery, implicating the 


Christian character of southern slave-holders, that we feel it 
our duty to withdraw from the connection. 

Resolved 4th. That this preamble and resolutions be for- 
warded to the Presidents of all the Southern Conferences, 
requesting that they bring the subject before their respective 
Conferences, that we may be prepared to act advisedly and 
unitedly at the approaching General Conference should the 
subject be introduced into that body. 2 

Two other quotations are sufficient to present the true picture 
of the attitude of the Conference on the subject of slavery. 
President W. H. Wills said in his report to the Conference in 
1849: "This Circuit (Randolph) in common with her sister 
Circuit, Guilford, has been disturbed by the spirit of Abolitionism, 
which has prevailed to some extent, distracting the members and 
reducing the numbers. But from my information, I am inclined 
to believe that, but little, if any further injury is to be appre- 
hended on that score. . . . The firebrands which have been thrown 
into the Church there (Guilford), have done, comparatively, but 
little harm, and I think will do less hereafter." 3 President Wills 
must have underestimated the disturbance for the next year the 
following resolution was offered: 

That in view of some efforts that are being made under 
the spurious name of Wesleyan Methodism to introduce and 
enforce the doctrine of Abolition of Slavery in this State by 
the agency of certain men who have dared to assume the 
name of Christian ministers that it is the duty of all the 
ministers and preachers of this Conference to show their 
unqualified disapprobation of all such efforts and ministers, 
by standing entirely aloof from all such associations and not 
to assist or participate in any of their mischievous and wicked 
and lawless efforts to subvert the order, peace, and prosperity 
of the citizens of our State. 

Resolved, furthermore, that those evil and arch agents in 
this mischief, McBride, Crooks, and Bacon, should not be 
permitted to assume any part of any religious service performed 
in any of our charges or preaching places. 4 

Though the Negro should be held as a slave to white people, 
according to their view, the personal salvation of the Negro was 
of vital concern to the members of the Conference. "Dr. J. F. 
Bellamy introduced the following resolution which was adopted 
(1845): Resolved that this Conference grant permission to all 
the Churches in this District to receive colored members on 
probation, admit them into full membership, govern them accord- 


ing to our Discipline and administer to them the Ordinances: 
and permit them to elect their own class leaders, when their 
numbers require it, and to vote in receiving, trying, or expulsion 
of colored members." 5 

Further missionary efforts were planned among the Negroes. In 
185 5 a special committee recommended "1. That the Superin- 
tendents of the districts shall bring the subject before the slave- 
holders of their several congregations, ascertain where and to 
what extent missionary grounds can be laid out for the colored 
population and what provisions can be made for the support of 
missionaries in such fields of labor and report to the next annual 
conference. 2. That in the meantime, the Superintendents be 
directed to hold services for the blacks in such neighborhoods as 
may be practicable, always with the consent and approval of their 
owners. ... 3. That a committee of three ministers be appointed to 
prepare a catechism for the blacks. . . ." 6 These good intentions 
apparently failed because no report was made to the next Annual 
Conference, and also during 1858 the General Conference divided 
over the slave issue into The Methodist Protestant Church, in the 
southern states, and The Methodist Church, in the northern states. 
These two branches, however, after nineteen years of separation 
were re-united in Baltimore in 1877. 

The Negro was not forgotten even after the close of the War 
Between the States, for at the Conference of 1865, it was agreed 
"that it is expected that all our preachers shall do what they can 
to promote the religious interest of the African race within the 
bounds of our District." 7 Again in 1869 the following was 
adopted: "Resolved, That each itinerant be, and is hereby requested 
to act in a missionary capacity to the colored people in the bounds 
of their circuits." s 

2. Alcoholic Beverages. The Methodist Protestants have run 
true to Methodist form in their opposition to manufacture, sale, 
and use of alcoholic beverages. One of the earliest pronouncements 
on social evils was a denunciation in 183 8 of whiskey: "Whereas 
the use of ardent spirits in any way, only as a medicine, is 
productive of great evil and ought to be abolished. . . . Resolved, 
That this Conference request all the members of the church within 
its bounds to abstain from the use thereof in any way, only as a 
medicine, and it shall be the duty of ministers in charge of circuits 
and stations to admonish any brother who may indulge in the 
use thereof." 9 

Traffic in alcohol was denounced in 18 50 and Temperance 
Organizations were given the approval of the Conference. "We 
have seen with deep regret many of the baneful effects of the 


traffic and use of spirituous liquors, which are destructive alike to 
property, liberty, social enjoyment, health, reputation, vital godli- 
ness, and life, Therefore, Resolved, That we approve the various 
Temperance Organizations of the day, and that the preachers, and 
all other official members in particular, and the members of the 
Church generally, be requested to use still greater exertions to 
promote the cause of Temperance." ' The position on alcohol has 
been restated from time to time with little variation. In 1886 
endorsement of legislation for requiring that evils of alcohol be 
taught in the public schools was given n and calling for state and 
national legislation prohibiting the manufacture, transportation, 
and sale of alcoholic beverages. 

3. War. The North Carolina Conference pronouncements on 
war and peace have been commendable. A resolution presented 
in 1894 by T. J. Ogburn, W. A. Bunch, and J. Norman Wills 
read: "Whereas, This Conference has been addressed by Prof. F. S. 
Blair, of the Society of Friends, in the interest of Peace and 
Arbitration, therefore Resolved, That as the disciples of Him who 
was and is the Prince of Peace, we heartily concur in these anti- 
warlike sentiments, and will on all suitable occasions bear witness 
of the same." 1S If the Methodist Protestants agreed with a Quaker 
in his views of peace and war it was a noble position. Other 
statements by the Conference are of a similar nature. 

4. Child Labor. The Conference of 1898, upon the recom- 
mendation of J. F. McCulloch and C. A. Cecil, went on record in 
opposition to child labor in North Carolina: "We are informed that 
children work eleven hours or more, per day in some of our fac- 
tories; Therefore, Be it Resolved, That it is the sense of this 
Conference that children of our State are imposed upon by exces- 
sive hours of labor, and we appeal to employers of labor, to parents 
and to the State Legislature to give the required relief." 13 

5. State Reformatory. At the session held in Rocky Mount in 
1906, the North Carolina Conference was called upon by F. R. 
Harris and J. F. Dosier to voice approval of a State reformatory 
for youthful criminals. A committee composed of G. W. Holmes 
and A. J. Harris was appointed to present the matter to the next 
session of the Legislature, which the committee did. 14 

6. Sabbath Observance. A rather interesting resolution was 
passed in 1875 in regard to Sabbath Observance in connection with 
the Philadelphia World's Fair: "Whereas the Centennial of Amer- 
ican Independence will be celebrated at Philadelphia in 1876, and 
there will necessarily be a vast concourse of representatives from 


the different countries of the world; and whereas, there is great 
danger that the sanctity of the Christian Sabbath will be disre- 
garded in said centennial, Therefore, resolved that this Conference 
does earnestly hope that the managers of the coming Centennial 
ceremonies will provide for the strict observance of the Sabbath." 
Several statements on Sabbath Observance have been issued and 
endorsed since that time. 

Perhaps the fullest and best statement on various social issues 
was that prepared by the Committee on Social Service* and endorsed 
by the Annual Conference in session at Henderson in 1935. The 
report was published in its entirety in The Methodist Protestant 
Herald, but in an abridged form in the Journal. 1 " Portions of the 
unabridged report read as follows: "We may merely mention the 
greater issues as a means of suggesting the problems which we 

1. War. Thousands of our American boys and millions 
of the youth of the world were pushed into the slaughter of 
the World War by our general wild-eyed enthusiasm and 
belief that it was to be a 'war to end war.' The disillusion- 
ment gave the world a headache. Immediately around the 
globe ran the universal pledge to peace. But so soon we forget 
our disillusionment, so soon we betray our pledge, so soon we 
prepare for another holocaust. As Christians — the followers of 
the Prince of Peace — we ought to set going every possible 
influence for peace that the kingdoms of this earth might 
become the kingdoms of Christ! 

2. Gambling. There seems to be among our citizens an 
increase in the desire to get something for nothing. The 
practice of gambling ranges all the way from 'flipping coins 
for a soda' to horse-racing with millions of dollars at stake. 
The general practice of gambling is becoming worse, as is 
evident by the fact that in recent years many states have 
legalized betting on various forms of sport. Such practice, 
we hold not to be in harmony with the teachings and spirit 
of Christ, and urge our people not to participate therein even 
in the smallest degree. 

3. The Liquor Traffic. In the minds of the Christians 
there is no question about the harmful effects of alcohol upon 
the human system. Science corroborates Christian principle! 
Our problem today is to rid humanity of the curse of whiskey. 
We deeply regret that during the recent year certain counties 
of our state have opened liquor stores within their borders. 

* The Committee on Social Service consisted of J. Elwood Carroll, chairman, 
J. E. Pritchard, J. A. Burgess, E. A. Bingham, J. R. Hutton, D. M. Davidson, 
E. M. Hipps, J. L. Evans, Mrs. J. S. Moore, and E. F. Caudle. 


With our highways filled with automobiles, our girls with 
new freedom, and our disregard for human life, as Christians 
we cannot help but believe that liquor, legal or illegal, has 
no place in our social order. 

4. Sabbath Observance. We decry the passing of observance 
of the Lord's Day. Slowly, but no less certainly, commercialized 
interests are encroaching upon the church's claim of the Lord's 
Day. In many cities of our fair state there are on the Lord's 
Day open movies, swimming pools, ball games, and other 
entertainments which are conducted, not for recreational pur- 
poses at all, but purely for the profit derived therefrom. The 
experiences of history, the facts of science, and the teachings 
of Jesus bear out the belief that we ought to observe the 
Lord's Day with worship of God and not by a rushing struggle 
for gold. 

5. Movies. We recognize in the cinema great educational 
possibilities. We likewise recognize that these possibilities may 
be used to develop Christian personality or to debase our very 
souls. We rejoice in the cooperative fight of many denomina- 
tions to clean up the movies. Progress has been made. We also 
look with favor upon the effort to get national laws passed 
which would prohibit 'blind-buying' and 'block-booking.' But 
it ought to be remembered that our greatest power over 
indecent pictures is the price of the ticket. As Christians we 
ought to know what we are going to see before we see it; 
then if the picture is not good, to boycott such a picture by 
refusing to attend and getting others to pledge themselves 
not to attend. 

6. Child Labor. In a nation where unemployment is a 
grave problem there should be no question about exploitation 
of children in labor. But since children work cheaper many 
fields of industry and agriculture continue to employ them. 
We look forward to the day when there shall be education for 
the youth and work for the mature. 

7 . Economic Situation. We believe that a great majority of 
our social problems have their roots in our economic situation. 
Our entire system is built upon the desire for wealth. The 
profit motive is our urge. Wealth is our standard of measure 
for greatness. We are too much materialists. As Christians we 
ought to re-emphasize the value of every human being, the 
worth of social brotherhood wherein each has work, the 
necessities of life, and the pursuit of happiness, and above all 
the tremendous fact of the supreme value of all values — 
personality! We cannot blame any social pattern for our ills, 

[38 ] 

neither can we blame the impersonal 'social order' for our 
troubles, but we can blame the ignorance, indifference, and 
selfishness of our individual citizens for them. We affirm our 
belief in the conviction that the Kingdom of God would be 
much more of a brotherhood than our present order realizes. 

8. Marriage and Divorce. We regret the continued light- 
ness with which the people look upon both marriage and 
divorce. Through the centuries the church has proclaimed 
the sacredness of the marriage vow. We still consider it as 
such and thoroughly denounce all practices which tend to 
minimize that sacredness. As a means of more wisely dealing 
with the problems related to this subject we feel that a 
national uniform marriage and divorce law would be beneficial. 
We are under no disillusionment to believe that a law would 
solve all our problems here, because at the root of practically 
all, if not all, divorces is sin. We, therefore, call upon our 
people to enter into this holy estate with clean lives, and to 
endeavor diligently to educate themselves on domestic ques- 
tions so as to keep the union once established permanently 

9. Propaganda. The power of propaganda can be seen by 
the use of it in the World War. Propaganda did not end 
with the War, but has entered the field of modern advertising. 
Off of the press, through the ether, and from speakers' stands 
come terrible information. Possibly such propaganda comes to 
the worst in our modern advertisements of cigarettes and 
whiskey. Such misleading statements are contrary to the 
Christian way of living by the truth. As ministers and laymen 
we pledge ourselves to have no part in any such advertising 
and in all manner of conduct to proclaim the truth of Christ 
which will set men free. 

10. Freedom of Speech. We believe as Americans and as 
Christians in the freedom of speech, press, and assemblage. 
We regret that in its battle for the right, The Churchman, 
organ of the Protestant Episcopal Church, was fined in a 
libel suit. This, with other threats, points to the danger of 
secular interests robbing us of our rights to the freedom of 
speech. As ministers especially, we feel called of God and to 
deliver the message of God; therefore, any limitation put upon 
the expression of our divine convictions tends to thwart God's 
message to men. We believe in the right to utter one's con- 
victions. Our very right to preach rests upon this premise; 
therefore we shall fight any force that tries in any way to 
hamper our speech, press, or assemblage. 10 


Chapter VI 

Church Papers of the North Carolina 

The Methodist Protestant Church was born amidst papers and 
circulars. Immediately following 1820 there was a flood of circulars 
on topics of polity both by the Reformers and those who opposed 
reform. It was in 1821 that The Wesleyan Repository, the fore- 
runner of the present official national organ The Methodist Prot- 
estant-Recorder, the oldest continuous paper in American Meth- 
odism, was begun. Some of the Reformers were expelled from the 
Methodist Episcopal Church for reading The Mutual Rights. In 
each Union Society there was set up a committee on correspondence. 
A church paper could disseminate the news and views of these 
Reform Societies and thereby lighten the work of the committees 
on correspondence. 

The North Carolina Conference is the only annual conference 
in the Methodist Protestant Church to maintain its own official 
organ. The national paper was sufficient until during the War 
Between the States when its circulation from Baltimore was cut 
off to the Southern States. It was at this time that the North 
Carolina Conference made plans to issue its own publication. An 
earlier effort to establish a southern paper by the cooperative 
efforts of the southern conferences had failed. 

President C. F. Harris, in 1862, recommended in his report to 
the Conference that a committee be created to study the wisdom 
of launching a paper. The Committee on President's Report 
doubted the wisdom of launching a paper at that time, but the 
Conference reversed this recommendation and appointed the com- 
mittee, composed of L. W. Batchelor, J. L. Michaux, and C. F. 
Harris. This committee was to confer with Michael Sherwood 
and others, who were at that time publishing a secular weekly in 
Greensboro known as the Greensboro Patriot, "in reference to 
submitting to us a portion of their paper, to be devoted to the 
interests of the church in the North Carolina District, or to enter 
into such arrangements as they may deem advisable for publishing 
a sheet for our use." l 

The Committee on Publishing Interests seems to have been active 
during the year, for at the next Conference C. F. Harris reported 
for the paper, Watchman and Harbinger, recommending that the 
Conference elect an editor, and he with two others constitute a 


committee to issue the organ. The cost of a thousand copies was 

Cost of paper $2,500 

Cost of printing 3,750 

Office rent 75 

Fuel 100 

Stationery 100 

Salary of Editor * 2,000 

Carrying 50 

Income for same from — 

Personal pledges already made $1,447 

Advertising (Estimate) 500 

1,000 Subscriptions @ $5.00 5,000 


This left with the amount of $5 00 due Michaux for past service, 
a balance of $2,128' : " to be provided." John L. Michaux was elected 
editor and he with C. F. Harris and L. W. Batchelor constituted 
the Publishing Committee. 

Because of the War Between the States the Conference in 1864, 
decided to issue the paper as a half sheet for $5 for six months, 
and after that time the matter was to be left entirely with the 
Publishing Committee." "For a time Mr. Michaux served as editor, 
bookkeeper, and mailing clerk with working hours which sometimes 
stretched from eight a. m. to five a. m. on the next day. He made 
an appeal to the War Department of the Confederacy and J. C. 
Roberts and W. O. Donnell were temporarily released from arms 
and assigned to service on the staff of the paper." 4 

The Watchman and Harbinger came to a close about the end 
of the War Between the States, but the Central Protestant was 
raised up in 1873, by the North Carolina Conference. John L. 
Michaux was elected editor. The subscription price was to be $2.00 
per annum." President R. H. Wills says in his report the next 
year that the paper had been "inaugurated under disadvantage, the 
success has probably been all that could reasonably have been hoped 
for." 8 Michaux continued editor of the Central Protestant through 
the eighteen years of its life. During the latter years it was mostly 
a restatement of news carried in the Daily Workman, a secular 
paper issued by Michaux. 

* If these figures seem high it should be remembered that the payments were 
to be made with Confederate money. 


One of the greatest contributions to the Methodist Protestants 
of North Carolina was that made by McCulloch, who for forty- 
years edited and published the official paper of the North Carolina 
Conference. He proposed as early as 1893 that the Conference 
establish a college in North Carolina. The strength of the Con- 
ference, however, at that time did not seem to justify the under- 
taking. He established the paper for the purpose of educating the 
people to the need of a college. He saw his dream realized in the 
opening of High Point College in 1924. 

November 2 5, 1893, is a memorable day in the history of the 
North Carolina Conference. It was on that day that J. F. 
McCulloch, former president of Adrian College, in Michigan, 
returned to the Conference and recommended the establishment 
of an educational institution of higher learning. McCulloch was 
given a rising vote of thanks and requested to present specific 
recommendations to the Conference. At the night session he was 
heard again, and proposed that if a college could not be launched 
at once that he be allowed to establish and publish a paper for the 
specific purpose of educating the people to the need and establish- 
ment of a college.' A committee of five was appointed to work 
with McCulloch and bring in plans for the paper on Monday. 
The committee recommended "That this Conference appoint a 
committee of three who shall sit on the merits of the prospective 
local church paper for North Carolina, and that when they shall 
decide that the said paper meets the demands of the Conference 
every pastor shall be under obligations to his utmost to extend its 
circulation and make it a success in every way." The committee 
appointed consisted of D. A. Highfill, W. A. Bunch, and J. 
Norman Wills.* 

The first issue of the paper made its appearance on November 
10, 1894. President T. T. Ferree, in his report to Conference in 
1894, expressed what could truly be said of the paper at any time 
during its forty-five years of continued service to the North 
Carolina Conference: "Our Church Record published weekly in 
Greensboro by Rev. J. F. McCulloch, a neat and a very valuable 
paper, bids fair to succeed most nobly. It meets a long felt want 
in our Conference work, and with the warm, earnest co-operation 
of the pastors of this Conference, I bespeak for it a large circula- 
tion among our people in North Carolina. Our people throughout 
the district want a local church paper, and we will find but 
little trouble in getting our brethren to subscribe for it. Let us 
help the paper and it will help us, and use our best efforts to put 
it into every Methodist Protestant home in North Carolina, and 
thereby help the church." 9 

The Committee on Literature for 1895 pointed out that the 
work of issuing the paper had been a tremendous hardship on 
McCulloch, yet he had made no complaint. He was laboring for a 
great purpose. In order to put the enterprise on more firm footing 
the Committee recommended the purchase of a lot on which could 
be erected a publishing house. This structure when erected was to 
be used for the benefit of the paper, but upon the establishment 
of a college was to be sold and the proceeds used for the college. 1 ' 
The following year the Publishing House Committee, composed of 
O. R. Cox, J. S. Hunter, and J. Norman Wills, made its first 


report: "The soliciting committee reported that the subscriptions 
to date amount to $4,872.09, of which $3,765.22 has been paid 
in." The lot on South Elm Street in Greensboro was purchased for 
$3,300, plus half interest in a building wall for $385. n The 
Conference granted J. F. McCulloch permission to travel through 
the Conference with a phonograph and solicit subscriptions to the 
paper and the publishing house building fund. 

The Publishing House was erected in 1897. President Walter 
A. Bunch said in his report: "It is unnecessary for me to make any 
report in reference to the Publishing House, since most of you 
attended the reception given in the building last evening and the 
report of the building committee will furnish you the desired 
information respecting said enterprise. Our Church Record will 
now be placed upon a more permanent basis; its usefulness should 
be greatly enlarged, as the conditions will enable the editor to 
apply less physical force and devote his mental ability more 
exclusively to the editorial work." 12 

Concerning the Publishing House and the issuance of the paper, 
J. Norman Wills, treasurer of the Publishing House Corporation, 
said: "The Church contributed about $5,000 toward the fund for 
the purchase of a lot and the erection of a building. The total 
investment, including subsequent additions, was less than $12,000. 
At the beginning, a monthly payment of $20 was made toward the 
support of the paper. It would have been impossible to continue the 
publication of the paper, but for the fact that Dr. McCulloch 
possessed considerable mechanical skill, and not only edited the 
paper, but personally printed it. The publication of the paper was 
continued without intermission throughout all the succeeding years. 
The cost of production was greatly increased, but the appropriation 
from the publishing house was gradually increased also, until finally 
it was made $100 per month." 1J 

After High Point College was founded in 1924 the income from 
the Publishing House was directed to the College. McCulloch 
erected his own print shop on Trinity Street, directly back of his 
home on Asheboro Street. The lack of some additional income 
other than subscriptions worked a tremendous hardship upon 
McCulloch. He continued as editor and owner of the paper, but 
turned the work of printing it to the firm of McCulloch & Swain. 
This firm is significant because it was composed of Warren 
McCulloch, son of the editor, and J. W. Swain, son .of W. E. 
Swain, also a leading minister in the North Carolina Conference. 

The perplexities of the Conference organ during the past decade 
have been both financial and editorial. A mounting annual debt 
was incurred after the Publishing House income was directed to 
High Point College until the editor owed the printers about $4,500. 


The editor, in order to settle this obligation transferred to the 
printers certain equipment in the print shop. Special efforts were 
made to increase the list of subscribers in the hope that the paper 
might be made self-supporting in the future. Alas, it was not. The 
list of subscribers was considerably increased, the price raised in 
December, 1929, from $1.50 to $2.00 a year, and beginning with 
1932 a subsidy assessed against the churches and organizations of 
the Conference. Despite these efforts, by 1934, the debt was 
again about $3,500. 

Another severe blow came with the death of McCulloch in 1934. 
His death meant that the paper was left without an editor and 
that there was against the estate of McCulloch the bill of $3,500 
for losses on the paper during recent years. Though the paper 
was the personal property of the late J. F. McCulloch, the North 
Carolina Conference felt under an obligation to him and his great 
work not to allow the indebtedness to be collected out of his 
estate. The Conference therefore set about to raise a McCulloch 
Memorial Fund, the purpose of which was to pay off the indebted- 
ness. About $3,200 was raised and paid into the McCulloch estate. 

The paper needed an editor. J. E. Pritchard, pastor of Calvary 
Church, Greensboro, during the latter months of McCulloch's life, 
had assisted greatly with the paper. Pritchard then, in connection 
with his pastoral duties, gladly assumed the editorship of the paper 
for the remainder of 1934, and also again for 193 5 and 1936. R. M. 
Andrews served as editor during 1937, while also acting as president 
of the Conference. He was assisted freely that year by N. G. 
Bethea and J. Elwood Carroll, two pastors in Greensboro. Andrews 
was chosen director of the Fellowship Crusade for 193 8, part of 
which duties include the editing of the paper. He continued his 
editorship in connection with the pastorate of West End Church, 
Greensboro, in 1939. 

The name of the paper was changed in 1910 from Our Church 
Record to the Methodist Protestant Herald. The original subscrip- 
tion price was $1.00 a year, with a credit allowance to ministers of 
ten per cent, on their own subscription for all subscriptions they 
procured. The price of the paper was raised to $1.50 in 1916. The 
financial struggles of the paper caused the Conference in 1929 to 
discontinue the commission allowed the ministers, to increase the 
subscription price to $2.00 a year, and to levy a subsidy against 
all churches and organizations of the Conference. The subsidy 
levied against the churches was based upon size and ability to pay, 
ranging from $1 to $20. The subsidy against the North Carolina 
Branch of the Woman's Work, the Conference Council of Re- 
ligious Education, and the Children's Home was $100 per annum 
each. Due to the indebtedness of High Point College no subsidy 


was ever collected from it. The Methodist Protestant Herald, with 
the aid of the subsidy, the increase in subscription price, the 
expansion of circulation, and the use of a part time editor for 
several years has been self-supporting. 

The church paper has rendered a great service during its forty- 
five years of publication. Editor McCulloch, in addition to seeing 
High Point College opened and in operation, which was the primary 
purpose of the establishment of the paper, saw the Children's Home 
brought into being largely through the work of his paper. 
McCulloch also rendered a great service in the development of the 
entire Conference program through the years. 

The North Carolina Conference paper will come to an end after 
forty-five years of usefulness. Plans are being developed that with 
the coming of the union of the Methodist Conferences in North 
Carolina, the Methodist Protestant Herald will be merged with the 
North Carolina Christian Advocate, which paper has been the 
official organ of the two Southern Methodist Conferences in this 


Chapter VII 
Early Adventures in Education 

The Methodist Protestants in North Carolina have always been 
interested in education. The founders of the Church were educated 
people. Among the ministers from the beginning there were those 
who possessed academic degrees. Among the laymen, especially the 
delegates to the Annual Conferences, were many professional men 
with college degrees. As soon as the societies gathered enough 
strength to consider themselves a real church, therefore, these lead- 
ers began to think in terms of educational opportunities through 
denominational schools. 

The earliest interest in education expressed itself in the endorse- 
ment of certain schools and colleges both within and outside the 
State. The next steps were the adventures in trying to establish 
denominational colleges in the objects of Jamestown Academy and 
Yadkin College. Then came a general interest in the endorsement 
and maintenance of secondary schools scattered over the State. 
Finally, High Point College was established. 

The first mention of an institution of higher learning was 
recorded in 1836, in connection with the receipt of a communica- 
tion from Robert B. Thompson, agent of the Manual Laboring 
College, of Virginia. The communication was received late in the 
session and was laid on the table until the following conference. It 
was then taken up and the following resolution offered: "That the 
President inform Brother Thompson . . . that the N. C. District 
feel deeply interested in the success of the enterprise, but are unable 
to afford any pecuniary aid." 1 

Madison College, a Methodist Protestant school located at Union- 
town, Pennsylvania, had endorsement and support of the North 
Carolina Conference for several years. John Paris, in 18 51, offered 
a resolution endorsing Madison College and recommending it to 
our people." Then the following year efforts were put forth to 
raise a theological scholarship in that institution. L. W. Batchelor 
travelled for a time in North Carolina as agent of Madison College. 3 

The attention of the Conference being called to the fact, 
endorsement was given a boy's school conducted near Brinkleyville, 
Halifax County, by W. H. "Wills and others. 4 Halifax Male 
Academy, which was operated in this same community by Jesse H. 
Page was also given endorsement and recommended to the Meth- 
odist Protestants for patronage. 5 

Lynchburg College, a Methodist Protestant school, was also 
given approval and recommended to North Carolinians. In more 


recent years the Methodist Protestants unofficially looked upon 
Elon College as their school, for many of the laymen and also 
ministers received their education at Elon College. 

It may appear from these many endorsements that the North 
Carolina Conference would associate with or endorse any school 
that was suggested. Such was not true. When the Conference was 
offered Pleasant Grove Academy in Davie County the school was 
seriously considered, even taken over for a year, then returned to 
its original owners. 6 When the Female School at Berlin, located at 
Kernersville, was offered to the Conference at a fair price it was 
declined on the basis that already there were good colleges in 
operation at Salem, Guilford College, and Greensboro. 7 Bascom 
College, at Leicester, Buncombe County, was declined when offered 
to the Conference at a very fair price. 8 Oak Ridge Institute, being 
operated by two Methodist Protestants, M. H. Holt and J. Allen 
Holt, was endorsed; but upon being offered to the Conference was 

Out of the high interest in a school for the denomination came 
Jamestown Female Academy. In 1848 it was agreed that "a literary 
institution is very much needed by this Conference to afford to 
parents in this and other districts a place to educate their 
children." ' The interest in schools took various turns until C. F. 
Harris, in 18 5 5, offered a resolution calling for the appointment of 
"a committee of five to inquire into the practicability of establish- 
ing a female school, at High Point, on the N. C. Railroad." n With 
the report of this committee in mind President John F. Speight 
stated in his message the following year: "Literary institutions have 
become one of the great Church enterprises of the day; and if we 
wish to succeed as a denomination we must embark heartily in this 
matter." 1_ 

The committee on the proposed college reported that it had 
purchased a four-acre lot in High Point, but due to lack of what 
the committee considered adequate funds had not as yet caused 
a building to be erected. 1 ' The place of location had not been 
definitely agreed upon so a tract of land near Moriah Church was 
offered. Wm. G. C. Mendenhall, of Jamestown, appeared and made 
an offer of $2,000 and a tract of land in Jamestown if the school 
should be located there. 14 Jamestown was selected, and trustees for 
"Logan Female Seminary," as the name was designated, were 
selected in the persons of John F. Speight, L. W. Batchelor, Calvin 
Johnston, Wm. G. C. Mendenhall, Jonathan W. Field, Calvin H. 
Wiley, Alexander Robbins, C. F. Harris, John C. Rankin, Alson 
Gray, A. Nicholson, Andrew Gamble, Isaac Thacker, Cyrus 
Wheeler, and Samuel Donnell. 1 " 

John F. Speight, one of the trustees, made oral report to the 


Conference in 18 57, on the progress of Logan Female Academy. 
He stated that title to the land had been procured and a charter 
granted by the State Legislature. Contract for the building, which 
was to be 50x84 feet and four stories tall, had been let. The total 
cost was to be about $16,000. 10 The name of the institution was 
changed to Jamestown Female College and Alson Gray was chosen 
field agent. 

The interest of Jamestown College in 1858 was so important 
that the sessions of the Conference were held in Jamestown, 
though the Methodist Protestants had no church there. The sessions 
were held in the Masonic Hall and in the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, South. The interest of the College was presented on several 
occasions. Pledges ranging from fifty cents to four hundred dollars 
were made by individuals. At another session ministers and laymen 
made conditional pledges of what they would raise on their circuits 
during the coming year. Alson Gray was continued as agent. 

All things seemed to move smoothly during 18 59 and 1860, but 
the unhappy end came in 1861 when Jamestown College was 
burned. "According to information secured from Mrs. C. W. F. 
Tilden, of Jamestown, a daughter of Alexander Robbins of 
the Board of Trustess, at that time all the rooms in the building 
which were intended for dormitory use were occupied and many 
young ladies boarded in the village. A girl suffering from toothache 
one night lighted a candle to seek medicine and left the lighted 
candle near an open window. She fell asleep, a wind sprang up and 
blew the curtain against the candle and the fire resulted. The men 
of the village were away in war and the fire was not extin- 
guished." 18 

To the Conference of 1861, President W. D. Trotter made a 
report of assets and liabilities. Debts of $12,910.88 were listed, 
part of which was supposed to be offset by estimated assets of 
$7,310.26, leaving a net debt of $5,600.62. The War altered values 
considerably, therefore pledges were not collected nor real estate 
sold for the estimated value. Since the Conference was in no legal 
way liable for the indebtedness, the members of the Board of 
Trustees bore the burden of these obligations, placing considerable 
sacrifice upon many of them. In an effort to help perpetuate the 
record of sacrifices thus borne, the Nikanthian and Thalean Literary 
Societies of High Point College have erected of bricks from the 
old Jamestown Female Academy building a marker on the College 

Yadkin College was established in Davidson County upon the 
recommendation of Henry Walser. 19 It was he who appeared before 
the Conference in session in Fayetteville, in 18 52, and made an 
offer of land and money, and recommended the appointment of a 



The first venture of the North Carolina Conference in higher 
education for young men was Yadkin College, located about ten 
miles west of Lexington, on the road leading to Mocksville. The 
.site, a beautiful hill donated by Henry Walser and Thomas C. 
Crump, overlooked the winding, picturesque Yadkin River. The 
institution was founded upon recommendation of Henry Walser, 
who appeared before the Conference in session in Fayetteville, in 
18 52. Encouraging progress was made during the early years only 
to be cut short by the War Between the States. The War over, 
the school was re-opened and soon chartered as a college. Reverses 
came towards the close of the nineteenth century, therefore the 
institution returned to the standard of a high school and operated 
as such until its final closing in 1924. The complete story of 
Yadkin College has been published recently by O. J. Michael, who 
provided this photograph. 

[ 50] 

committee to work out details of founding the school. The 
committee appointed was composed of Alson Gray, David Weasner, 
David L. Michael, Thomas C. Crump and Henry Walser. It met 
on September 20, 18 53, at Friendship Church, Davidson County 
"and agreed to locate said institution in the County of Davidson, 
on the road leading from Lexington to Mocksville in Davie County, 
tight miles west of Lexington and three miles east of the Yadkin 
River, on the lands of Thos. C. Crump and Henry Walser, they 
agreeing to convey ten acres of land for said purpose to any legal 
authority to receive the same, and the said Henry Walser further 
agrees to pay to the use of building and supporting said institution 
the sum of five hundred dollars, if carried out on the location 
aforesaid." "° The Conference accepted the report. Upon motion of 
H. T. Weatherly the name was to be "Yadkin Institute," with the 
following trustees: Henry Walser, Jordan Rominger, Alexander 
Robbins, Thos. C. Crump, David L. Michael, Andrew M. Gamble, 
John A. Davis, Alson Gray, and R. G. Beeson. 21 

In 18 54 all circuit superintendents were designated agents of 
Yadkin Institute with the right to collect contributions for the 
institution. The agents were allowed a commission of 10 per cent, 
on all collections." Henry Walser reported the following year that 
the contract for a two story brick building 30x60 feet had been 
let."' 1 In 18 56, Walser again reported for the trustees that the 
building was completed and the school in operation under the 
leadership of George W. Hege, who had leased the property for 
five years for $200 a year." 4 Progress was still being made the 
following year for at that time John F. Speight offered a resolution 
stating that "Yadkin Institute is ... in a prosperous condition, 
and promises much usefulness." "° 

Yadkin Institute made such fine progress as a preparatory school 
that it was decided, upon recommendation of Henry Walser, to 
make it a college." Eleven trustees were named to incorporate 
same, as follows: Alson Gray, J. L. Michaux, Henry Walser r D. L. 
Michael, G. W. Hege, B. F. Smith, A. W. Lineberry, J. Rominger, 
J. A. Davis, and David Weasner." 7 "The school was, accordingly, 
chartered as a college in 1861. At that time there were eighty 
boarding students besides those living in the community. Out of 
the eighty, sixty entered the Confederate Army which practically 
broke up the school." " s 

Henry Walser appeared before the Conference in 1869, acting as 
representative of the creditors, stating that if the Conference 
would pay them the sum of $2 50 and put into operation the 
school, they would turn over to the Conference the entire 
property. T. H. Pegram was chosen agent to raise the sum, and a 
Standing Committee consisting of Henry Walser, J. H. Pegram, 

[ 51] 

Jordan Rominger, and D. L. Michael was elected. 29 The following 
year Jesse H. Page was elected president and Jordan Rominger 
chosen as field agent. 30 

A new location was procured in 1871. The Standing Committee 
reported that it had two acres of land and a building unen- 
cumbered, provided a school was established/ 1 The requirements 
having been met, Committee Chairman C. A. Pickens reported 
that the property was transferred to them on March 7, 1871."" In 
1873 Shadrach Simpson was graduated from Trinity College, "and 
such ability and force of character did he display that shortly 
before his graduation he was elected President of Yadkin College." i3 
In the capacity of president Simpson served ten years, resigning 
to become a professor in Western Maryland College. 

During the years of existence Yadkin College rendered a great 
service to the North Carolina Conference and society as a whole 
by the ministers and professional men which were educated there. 
In 1881 an attempt was made to establish a chair of theology. 
During that same year a large building was erected, being paid for 
at the time with exception of less than a thousand dollars. At 
the session in 1883 this balance of indebtedness was raised on the 
Conference floor and the debt entirely liquidated. W. A. Rogers 
was chosen president that same year, 30 but did not serve very long. 

Yadkin College being without a president, in 18 87 A. R. 
Morgan, principal of the neighboring high school, was asked to 
take over the institution and operate it as a high school. In 
September of that year "a terrible wind storm visited the vicinity 
of the College and damaged it. Steps were immediately taken to 
repair the damage. In a short while a better and more substantial 
roof was put on at a cost of $247.00." 30 Morgan resigned the 
presidency to become a missionary to Japan, and G. W. Holmes 
was elected principal. 37 

Things were not going so well for in 1894 it was recorded: "We 
are convinced that Prof. G. W. Holmes has exhibited commendable 
loyalty to our people in his perseverance at Yadkin College, in the 
face of all the discouraging circumstances, and we deeply regret 
the unfortunate situation in which our institution at that place 
now appears to be." M "The unfortunate situation" referred to was 
an incompleted building. President T. T. Ferree said in his report 
that same year: 

The Conference held at Randleman in 1892 authorized the 
Board of Trustees of Yadkin College to mortgage the property 
and finish the building. An effort was made by the Board of 
Trustees to do so, but failed; then seven brethren, four of 
whom being members of our Church, and the remaining three 


members of the M. E. Church, South, said they would borrow 
the money, and take a mortgage on the college for our pro- 
tection, which they did, and the building was completed. 9 

The struggle became more intense. In 1895 the Conference 
ordered an assessment laid upon the churches to the sum of one 
thousand dollars to be used to liquidate the debt; also, instructed 
the trustees to call upon the Legislature to annul the charter of 
Yadkin College and that hereafter it be known as Yadkin High 
School. 40 For a number of years W. T. Totten was the principal 
until the institution was closed in 1924. The story is closed with 
this entry in the Journal of 1933: "On motion it was ordered that 
the $100 received from the sale of the Yadkin College property 
be turned over to the Methodist Protestant Church at that place." 41 

Yadkin College still lives both in influence and also in a very live 
Alumni Association. The Alumni Association holds an annual 
meeting back at the old, sacred spot. It has caused the old bell 
which once called students to classes at Yadkin to be erected on 
the campus at High Point College. The old bell has appropriately 
been named "Old Yadkin" and again calls students to meals and 
classes. The Association just now is endorsing the publication of a 
history of the institution. 


Chapter VIII 
Later Adventures in Education 

Turning from the adventures in higher education at Jamestown 
and Yadkin College, the Methodist Protestants were inspired of 
necessity to do better. "While the ground was being laid for a 
Grade-A college in the State, secondary schools received con- 

President T. T. Ferree, in 1894, said: "I wish to call attention 
to our educational interests. The school at Fallston is doing well 
under Prof. Thompson. I do not know the exact number of pupils 
in school, but in the neighborhood of one hundred. Brother 
Thompson deserves the patronage of our people, especially in that 
section." * The Committee on Colleges also gave endorsement of 
the school that same year. 2 

A school was maintained at Liberty which had Methodist 
Protestant sanction. During 1907 it was offered to the Conference, 
but as the terms could not be agreed upon it was declined. 3 That 
same year a special committee composed of O. R. Cox and R. H. 
Brooks recommended the purchase of Denton High School. It was 
in turn recommended to the Methodist Protestants for their pat- 
ronage. 4 The committee was too modest to explain how the property 
at Denton was procured, but President Johnson gave the facts in 
his report: The school was purchased for $2,200, of which amount 
$800 was to be raised in and around Denton and $1,400 by the 
Conference, of the latter sum already Cox and Brooks had given 
$100 each. At the time Conference was in session G. L. Reynolds 
was serving as principal and reported an enrollment of sixty 
pupils." It was in connection with this school that the Methodist 
Protestant orphanage was founded. The school was sold in 1920 
for $4,000, half of which was returned to the Denton Church and 
the other half given to the Board of Church Extension. 6 

These secondary schools at Yadkin College, Fallston, Denton, 
and Liberty served a useful purpose prior to the time when 
counties and the State made public education common property 
for every child. The development of adequate public schools, 
therefore made denominationally supported secondary schools un- 
necessary. Interest and energy in education were turned henceforth 
entirely to a college. 

The primary purpose of the return of J. F. McCulloch to North 
Carolina was to establish a college. The time not being ripe for this 
in 1893, he set himself to the issuing of a paper which was designed 
to educate the people to the need of a college. In connection with 


the paper, the Publishing House was incorporated in 1896, «nd 
the structure erected on South Elm Street in 1897. The income 
from the publishing house was to be used in the support of the 
paper, but when a college was opened the income from the pub- 
lishing house was to go to the college. The publishing house, at 
an appropriate time, should be sold and the proceeds therefrom 
turned over to the college. The charter of the Publishing House 
was changed to that of the Board of Education of the North 
Carolina Annual Conference, Inc., with J. Norman Wells, Treas- 
urer. Along about 1914, McCulloch erected a printing house of his 
own back of his home on Asheboro Street, and the publishing house 
was rented. An attempt was made to sell the publishing house, but 
the purchaser was unable to make payments and returned the 
property and forfeited his previous payments of some $4,000. The 
publishing house was sold in 193 8 for $30,000. It had proved a 
very profitable investment because less than $10,000 had actually 
been put into it, the remainder of the investment being paid for 
from rentals. For many years it supported the editor of The Herald. 
Then in the end brought a nice profit of at least $20,000. 

As early as 1901 J. C. Roberts, of Kernersville, made an offer 
of $10,000 to a fund to establish a college should one be opened 
within the bounds of the North Carolina Conference. A committee 
on Ways and Means was created, composed of J. F. McCulloch, 
J. S. Hunter, A. M. Rankin, J. Norman Wills, J. Allen Holt, F. R. 
Harris, O. R. Cox, and W. C. Whitaker. 7 At the next Conference 
this committee recommended that the amount of $75,000 be raised 
for the establishment of a college and that trustees be elected to 
direct the affairs of the institution. At this same Conference a 
Committee on Location of College was appointed and recommended 
that the college "be somewhere in the Piedmont section, all things 
being equal." 8 President Johnson in 1904 said: "Our college enter- 
prise seems to be gaining strength and confidence. The committee, 
driven by local changes to sell the first site purchased, has selected 
another that is thought by some to offer some advantages the other 
did not. The matter of purchasing a site, as well as the matter of 
selling the other site, has been handled with great care by some 
of the best business talent. This movement should have the interest 
and cooperation of all our people." 9 The new site purchased was 
about twelve acres located in South Greensboro, on Asheboro 

C. F. Tomlinson, of High Point, appeared before the Conference 
in 1905, stating that he represented the citizens and business men 
of that city. He reported a mass meeting had been held and that 
the citizens of his city had pledged to contribute $12,000 to a 
Methodist Protestant college if located there. T. C. Amick, 


principal of the Liberty Normal College, arose and stated that 
the business men of Liberty had increased their offer to $6,000 and 
30 'acres of land. 1 " The matter of a location was referred to the 
Board of Education. 

During the year 1906, the Board of Education undertook to 
purchase Oak Ridge Institute. To the Conference that fall the 
Board reported: 

On the 28th day of February, 1906, this Board met in 
Greensboro to consider the college matter. At this session 
propositions were received from High Point, Greensboro, Oak 
Ridge, Liberty, Pinnacle, and Hillsboro. All of which seemed 
to the Board to be liberal and worthy of their consideration, 
and in pursuance of which a committee was appointed to 
visit and examine the properties, which was done and reports 
made to the full Board on March the 8th, 1906, in Greens- 
boro. That on this date a very liberal proposition was made 
by the people of Pilot Mountain, which proposition was duly 
considered among the rest. After careful consideration of the 
various propositions balloting was proceeded with which re- 
sulted in an expression of the Board's choice of Oak Ridge. 
Whereupon a committee was appointed to consider and work 
out all the details of the matter and make report of their 
investigations to the Board. 

The committee after very careful investigation and con- 
sideration could not effect a trade, having found that the 
total of the subscriptions in round numbers, $5 5,000.00 was 
pledged on the condition that $100,000.00 should be sub- 
scribed before the pledges could be available; and that if the 
above stated condition did not exist, that still another barrier 
to the progress in the matter existed, in the fact that the 
amount subscribed was largely due and payable, if payable at 
all, in four annual installments. . . ." 

During the panic of 1907, the matter seemed to rest quietly. 
The topic of a college was called forth at the Conference of 1908 
with a resolution: "It is the sense of this Conference that the 
needs and future prosperity of the Methodist Protestant Church 
in North Carolina demand that we shall at the earliest possible 
time enter more fully into the work of establishing a Methodist 
Protestant College in North Carolina." 1J This resolution was 
prompted by the fact that during August of that year, J. C. 
Roberts, of Kernersville, had died, leaving a bequest of $10,000 to 
be used by the Board of Education in the building or support of 
a college provided same should be opened by 1920, otherwise the 

[ 56] 

money would go into a trust fund, the income from which should 
be used for the education of young men for the ministry. 13 

The number of Trustees of the Board of Education, in 1910, was 
increased to include "five ministers and ten representative business 
men: T. J. Ogburn, T. M. Johnson, R. M. Andrews, A. G. Dixon, 
S. W. Taylor, T. A. Hunter, R. H. Brooks, F. R. Harris, H. T. 
Powell, O. R. Cox, J. J. Welch, A. M. Rankin, J. R. Cummings, 
W. S. Linville and J. Norman Wills." 14 That same year a recom- 
mendation to buy Oak Ridge Institute was declined. 

Evidently the work on the Children's Home and then later the 
World War took the attention of the Conference, for practically 
nothing was done from 1910 on for several years. J. F. McCulloch 
showed to the Conference in 1917 some blueprints and pictures 
of the proposed college buildings. 1 ' From 1915 to 1917, N. G. 
Bethea was also working in the field as Forward Movement 
Secretary. Most of the money which he raised was turned over to 
boards of the General Conference. 

McCulloch addressed the Conference in 1918 and made some 
suggestions in regards to a college. These suggestions were referred 
to the Board of Education which later reported: "In view of the 
fact that successful enterprises must now be conducted on a scale 
larger than ever before; and that our Church, if it is to succeed, 
must be willing to make sacrifices and plan its undertakings on a 
scale that will command the respect of the outside world, as well 
as the confidence of our membership; it is the opinion of the 
Board that plans for the establishment of a College should con- 
template the raising of at least two hundred and fifty thousand 
dollars during the next three years, one hundred and fifty 
thousand dollars of which shall be expended for the buildings, 
the remainder, together with the present resources of the Board of 
Education, or such part of the same as may be available for the 
purpose, to constitute the nucleus of an endowment fund." 1G 

At the Conference in 1919, the figure was raised and other 
details specified. "Resolved, That the Conference recommend to 
the Board of Education that a school, either a college or a high 
grade preparatory school, be opened not later than 1921, and 
earlier if possible. 

2. That plans should contemplate an investment of 
$500,000, $300,000 for buildings and $200,000 for endow- 
ments; but that we should raise $100,000 at once and start 
the school, and raise the other amount as the school grows. 

3. That the Board of Education be asked to make thorough 
investigation of available and eligible college sites, and if 
they can find, at a reasonable price, sites more desirable than 



The crowning effort to build an outstanding educational insti- 
tution in North Carolina was realized by the Methodist Protestants 
in the opening of High Point College in 1924. J. F. McCulloch 
had been issuing the official North Carolina Conference organ 
since 1894, in an effort to get a college established and maintained 
by the Methodist Protestants in North Carolina. Impetus was 
added to the educational campaign by J. C. Roberts, of Kerners- 
ville, N. C, who designated in his will in 1910, that $10,000 of 
his estate be used in the establishment of the college. Roberts Hall, 
shown above, is named in honor of this generous layman. J. 
Norman Wills, a layman of Greensboro, made a very attractive 
offer in 1921, and greatly encouraged the North Carolina Meth- 
odist Protestants. The cornerstone of Roberts Hall was laid on 
June 29, 1922, and High Point College opened on September 16, 
1924. R. M. Andrews served as president for six years until 1930, 
at which time he was succeeded by G. I. Humphreys. (Photograph 
by the author) . 

[ 58] 

the one now held in the suburbs of Greensboro, that they 
secure an option on the most desirable to run until the 
campaign for funds reveals whether it is prudent to purchase. 
4. That the Annual Conference recommend that the Board 
of Education undertake to raise from our people this year and 
next the $100,000 mentioned in this resolution and an addi- 
tional $50,000 to $100,000 from the people in the vicinity of 
the site chosen, to aid in building, equipping, and endowing 
our college plant. 1 ' 

The Board of Education, however, did not agree with the above 
resolution because of the Million Dollar Drive still going on in 
the interest of General Conference projects. 18 

The Board of Education during 1921 received offers of a site and 
selected High Point. Besides High Point, generous offers of land 
and money were made by the cities of Greensboro, Burlington, 
and Graham. The offer of High Point included a tract of land of 
eighty acres and $100,000 in money. 

In addition to these offers of sites, the one great thing that 
inspired our people to pledge more than $22 5,000 to the college 
was the offer of J. Norman Wills, of Greensboro. Wills, son and 
grandson of distinguished ministers in the North Carolina Annual 
Conference, had been treasurer of the Publishing House Corporation 
during its entire existence, and then treasurer of the Board of 
Education since the incorporation of the latter body. The offer 
of Wills to the Board of Education was: "If the Methodist 
Protestant Church . . . shall by June 1, 1922, secure bona fide 
subscriptions from solvent subscribers to the amount of THREE 
HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLARS ($300,000), not including 
value of site and any amount promised by the city in or near 
which the college may be located, then in that event I agree to 
set aside as a contribution to the permanent endowment fund of 
such college as may be established by your board stock in the 
Odell Hardware Company of the par value of ONE HUNDRED 
THOUSAND DOLLARS ($100,000)." To the original proposi- 
tion an extension of time was granted on July 14, 1922: "In 
view of the fact that the time specified . . . has gone by, and the 
amount specified . . . has not been raised ... I hereby agree to 
extend the time further for the compliance with the conditions, 
until October 1, Nineteen Hundred and Twenty-Three (1923)." 19 
Though the conditions of the proposition by Wills were not met, 
he fully intended to set aside the amount of $100,000 for the 
College, but business reverses prohibited him doing so. At the time 
of his offer he was a stockholder in two banks which failed, and 
according to the State law at that time in case of failure of a bank 


each stockholder was liable twice the amount of par value of stock 
held. These two bank failures along with other business reverses 
made it impossible for Wills to donate the amount which he 
wished, and thereby caused one of the deep regrets of his life of 
usefulness to his Church. 

The large amount of pledges to the college was mostly the work 
of R. M. Andrews. The Conference in 1921 voted to release him as 
president from the duties of visiting quarterly conferences and 
churches, so that he might travel the State in interest of the 
college." He was assisted ably by L. W. Gerringer and J. E. 

The cornerstone for the main building of High Point College 
was laid on June 29, 1922. President A. G. Dixon said at the Con- 
ference that fall: "Everyone who has worked for the College 
deserves credit, but anyone knows that a greater part of the credit 
for the success of the movement during the year is due to Dr. 
R. M. Andrews. He has faithfully pushed forward amid encour- 
agements and discouragements with a smile that didn't come off, 
and with a heart that knew no failure." a Andrews, having 
completed his maximum period of five successive years as president 
of the Conference, in 1922, was continued as agent of the College 
during 1923 and became first president of High Point College 
in 1924. He served as president for six years, resigning in 193 0, to 
be succeeded by G. I. Humphreys, of Maryland, who continues in 
that office. 

High Point College was opened on September 16, 1924. Four 
buildings and a muddy campus constituted the equipment. The 
administration building was named "Roberts Hall" in memory of 
J. C. Roberts, of Kernersville. The two well equipped and modern 
dormitories were being brought to completion. The boy's building 
was named "McCulloch Hall" in honor of J. F. McCulloch, and 
the girl's building "Woman's Hall" as a tribute to the women of 
North Carolina who had worked so hard and sacrificially for the 
College. The fourth building was a heating plant. 

During the first year High Point College offered courses to 
students in the first and second years of college work and to 
students of tenth and eleventh grade high school standing. The 
second year the Junior class was added and the tenth grade work 
discontinued. With the third year high school work was eliminated 
and the school became a Grade-A college. The first commencement 
was held in 1927 with thirteen graduates. 

Other permanent structures have been added to the campus. The 
graduating class of 1928 gave the beautiful gates. Through the 
untiring efforts of N. M. Harrison, Jr., the Harrison Gymnasium 
has been erected. It has modern equipment and will seat an audience 


of about three thousand for indoor sports. The third structure is 
the Wrenn Memorial Library Building erected at a cost of about 
$3 0,000. President Humphreys said in 193 5: "Many of you know, 
that at the Commencement last June, Mrs. M. J. Wrenn, a member 
of the Board of Trustees, announced that she would build a Library 
Building on the campus as a memorial to her husband — the late 
M. J. Wrenn, who was a member of the Board from the founding 
of the college to his death." " The building was completed in the 
Spring of 1937 and dedicated at the college Commencement that 

President Humphreys' report to Conference in 193 8, will give 
some indications of the present conditions. Student enrollment 
reached the figure of 439. "In the report on Capital Account made 
to the Trustees last June, it was shown, based on replacement values 
(lower than erection cost) as made by an insurance appraiser and 
an architect, that the grand total values of land, buildings and 
equipment was $745,533." " J The present indebtedness is approxi- 
mately $210,000. 

From the standpoint of the Church alone High Point College has 
been a worthy venture. During the past twelve years practically 
every young man entering the ministry of the North Carolina 
Conference has been educated in High Point College, until at 
present almost half of the ministers have at some time been 
students of that institution. With the coming of Methodist Union 
and new adjustments, Methodist Protestants expect for High Point 
College a new day. 


Chapter IX 
Sunday Schools, Youth, and Women 

The story of the North Carolina Annual Conference would 
hardly be complete without some record of the work of our Sunday 
schools, the Youth, and the Women. It is quite true that the 
great achievements of the Sunday School and the Women are told 
in connection with the establishment and support of the Children's 
Home and High Point College. Direct mention however should be 

1. Sunday Schools. True to their Wesleyan heritage the Meth- 
odist Protestants had Sunday Schools from the very beginning. 
Formal endorsement was given them in 1834 when a motion was 
passed stating: "The agents of the Sunday School Union are 
cordially received among the Methodist Protestants within this 
District and have our assent to establish schools and take such other 
steps and measures as they may think proper for the furtherance 
of their cause." * The development of Sunday Schools may be seen 
in Appendix E. 

It was not again until 1866 that another official pronouncement 
on Sunday Schools was made. "Feeling a deep interest in the 
subject of Sabbath Schools," a resolution said, "and deploring their 
neglect, we urge upon all the Superintendents of circuits in the 
District, the vast importance of carefully organizing Sabbath 
Schools throughout their respective fields of labor as far as 
practicable, seeing that they are kept up all the year, or as long 
as the clemency of the season will admit, and that they are supplied 
with suitable teachers and superintendents; and also use their 
exertions to build up libraries, in every way for their religious 
instruction and training; also that each superintendent instruct and 
persuade heads of families to faithfully meet together with their 
children, and forming Bible classes, encourage and promote religious 
intelligence." ' The resolution must have done good for two years 
l?.ter President Michaux remarked: "There has been an unusual 
interest manifested the present year in the cause of Sabbath 
Schools; many of the churches earnestly engage in the work. This 
should be encouraged to the furthest extent." 3 Endorsement of 
the work being done by the Central Sabbath School Association was 
given in 1869, and Joseph Causey selected as field agent to organize 
Sabbath Schools in Methodist Protestant churches. 4 Beginning with 
the first of the year 1875, each minister was to preach on the 
importance of Sabbath Schools and the importance of all church 


members and children attending them. The ministers were instructed 
to attend Sabbath Schools themselves in order to counsel and 
encourage the workers. 

It may have been entirely acceptable in 1866 to close Sunday 
Schools with the coming of winter weather, but President R. H. 
Wills did not think such proper in 1883. He said, "Sunday Schools 
— there are two serious difficulties connected with these. One is 
the habit of closing for the winter, even where the houses are 
comfortable: the other, that of suspending in the time of protracted 
meetings, by which, in part, large, unwieldy congregations are 
gathered on Sunday while the Sunday School interest suffers. We 
should, doubtless endeavor to counteract this influence, and as far 
as possible, prevail on teachers to sacrifice so far as necessary to 
meet the demand, and continue the school during the year." ' 

The only battle in regard to Sunday Schools in recent years has 
been that in regard to literature. At one time many of the Meth- 
odist Protestant rural Sunday Schools were using materials published 
by commercial printers and not endorsed by the Methodist Prot- 
estant Church. The reason for this was a saving in cost. This small 
saving was effected by the use of cheaper paper, poor grades of 
ink, and shoddy workmanship. These facts having been pointed out 
practically all of the North Carolina Conference churches are now 
using literature prepared or recommended by the Methodist 
Protestant Church. 

All North Carolina Conference churches today have Sunday 
Schools except a few which are so small in membership that they 
cannot maintain an organization. 

2. Young People's Work. Christian Endeavor societies were 
enjoyed by North Carolina Methodist Protestant young people as 
early as 1892. It was not until 1908 however that a Conference 
Board of Young People's Work was organized. A resolution called 
for the election of a Conference field secretary and that a board 
be created to supervise his labors. The Field Secretary was "to 
foster the interests of our Sunday Schools and Christian Endeavor." 7 
A. G. Dixon was selected as the first Field Secretary. The members 
of the Board of Young People's Work were T. M. Johnson, W. R. 
Lowdermilk, A. G. Dixon, J. Norman Wills, and J. D. Ross. s 
Dixon must have made a wonderful success of the work, for in 
1917 he was called to be national Secretary of Young People's 
Work for the entire denomination, which position he filled for 
five years. 

The first state-wide Young People's Convention was held in 
Thomasville during April, 1915. "There were about one hundred 
delegates in attendance and the spirit of the meeting was ex- 
cellent." 9 Until this time most of the work had been done in 

[ 63] 

local churches, groups of churches, and in the conference districts. 
During 1920 Miss Juanita Hammer, of High Point, was Field 
Secretary. The following year Miss Hammer reported, "At Greens- 
boro our Young People's Summer Conference for the State was 
held in June. Seventy-six young people registered and attended the 
meetings for five days. Twenty-six certificates were awarded." 

February 1923 marked a memorable day for Young People's 
Work in North Carolina for it was at this time that Lawrence 
C. Little became Field Secretary. Little was from Louisiana and a 
former field secretary for the International Society of Christian 
Endeavor. President Dixon said to the Conference that year: 
"Except for the College enterprise, the Conference Board of Young 
People's Work has done the greatest single piece of work this year 
that has been accomplished by any one agency in the Conference. 
Rev. N. M. Harrison, Jr., President of the Board, has labored faith- 
fully and untiringly and successfully in this field. Rev. Lawrence 
C. Little came to us in February and accepted the position as Field 
Secretary for the Board. Brother Little is an outstanding character 
in Young People's Work, especially adapted to the kind of work he 
is doing for us. He has made a fine record for the year." u As Field 
Secretary, Little made his report and said, in part: "Under the 
direction of the Board, a ten days Young People's Conference 
was conducted at Weaverville, N. C, the College buildings and 
campus of Weaver College being used for the purpose. Two 
hundred and eight delegates attended. 

The delegation was transported from Henderson to Greens- 
boro by chartered buses, and from Greensboro to Asheville 
by special train, then by automobiles from Asheville to 
Weaverville. Fifty-two certificates were awarded from the 
Conference Board of Young People's Work, and ten Christian 
Endeavor Expert certificates. . . . 

"After careful consideration the Board felt that it could lead the 
young people of the state in a needy and valuable service 
financially, therefore, the Thousand Dollar Campaign to furnish 
the College Dining Room, and the Five Hundred Dollar Christmas 
Gift for the Superannuates. In the first, $811.00 has been pledged 
or paid; and in the latter $183.26 has been paid." 12 

Lawrence C. Little was assigned pastor of Concord Church in 
1924 and N. M. Harrison, Jr., directed the young people's work. 
A second summer conference was held at Weaver College, 
Weaverville, N. C. Little was released from the pastorate in 
Concord on April 17, 1925, and served again as Field Secretary 
until Conference that fall. During that summer he directed the 
first young people's conference at High Point College, which 


meeting has been continued annually ever since. Little performed 
his task as Field Secretary so well that he was called to become 
national Secretary of the Board of Young People's Work in May 
of 1926 and served in that capacity until May 1932. 

Since Little became national Secretary, the North Carolina 
Conference program of Young People's Work has been carried 
forward mostly as a volunteer project. Other persons who have 
worked during the summers in this capacity include Miss Mary 
Wills McCulloch, Miss Kathleen Paschall, Mrs. Maxine Taylor 
Fountain, and N. M. Harrison, Jr. Harrison worked for a few 
years both ; as Promotional Secretary of High Point College and also 
Field Secretary of the Board of Young People's Work. 

The name of the Board of Young People's Work was changed to 
Conference Council of Religious Education in 1929. All the while 
a valuable and constructive volunteer program has been prosecuted. 
The annual summer conferences have been held at High Point 
College under the direction of men like N. M. Harrison, P. E. 
Lindley, Fred W. Paschall, T. J. Whitehead, and J. Elwood Carroll. 
In addition there has gone on winter after winter local training 
schools and classes. Many Vacation Church Schools are held each 
summer under the direction of the Council. Many other useful 
functions are served. 

3. Women of North Carolina. Full cooperation with the total 
program of the Church has always been the objective of the North 
Carolina women. They have supported every project of the Church. 
In addition, these noble women have developed their own missionary 
endeavors and supported them generously. The women are at 
present organized into the North Carolina Branch of the Women's 
Work. The Branch, however, has a two-fold origin. 

Missions have from the beginning been a concern of the 
Methodist Protestant Church. At the first General Conference, in 
1834, a Missionary Society was organized and continues today in 
the present Board of Missions. During the early years the thought 
and energy of the leaders of the church were directed to the 
development of a denomination. It was not, therefore, until 1880 
that a definite step was taken to establish a permanent missionary 
enterprise in Japan. Later the Methodist Protestant Church culti- 
vated mission projects in China and India. With the opening of 
the mission field in Japan the women in America took steps to 
organize themselves to assist with the great work. 

The Woman's Foreign Missionary Society was organized in the 
First Church, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on February 14, 1879. 
Officers were elected and a constitution adopted which was 
designed to become the national constitution of the organization. 
Branches were to be organized in each annual conference." 


The North Carolina Branch of the Woman's Foreign Missionary 
Society was organized in Grace Church, Greensboro, N. C, on 
March 30, 1900." Representatives were in attendance from five of 
the eight local societies which had been organized in the State. 
Miss Annie L. Forrest, travelling secretary of the Woman's Foreign 
Missionary Society, had spent considerable time in North Carolina 
the previous year and had organized societies in Grace Church, 
Greensboro; First Church and Lebanon Church, High Point; 
Randleman, Asheboro, Liberty, Burlington, and Tabernacle 
Churches. The organization of a Branch was perfected and the 
following officers elected: Mrs. J. F. McCulloch, president; Mrs. 
R. R. Ross, first vice-president; Mrs. W. P. Pickett, second vice- 
president; Mrs. S. H. Rea, third vice-president; Mrs. Rosa F. 
Harrell, recording secretary; Miss Velna McCulloch, corresponding 
secretary; and Mrs. J. S. Hunter, treasurer. 

Four national conventions of women have been held in North 
Carolina. The Woman's Foreign Missionary Society held its annual 
gathering in Grace Church, Greensboro in 1902, 1914, and in 
1920. The convention of the Woman's Work, the successor of the 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, met in the same church 
in 1936. 

Major contributions of the North Carolina Branch of Woman's 
Foreign Missionary Society are outstanding. At the first national 
convention held in North Carolina, 1902, Mrs. J. F. McCulloch 
was elected editor of The Missionary Record, official organ of the 
national organization. She served in this efficient capacity for more 
than twenty years. The women of the Branch are due much credit 
for the general foreign missionary spirit which crystalized in the 
sending out as missionaries J. Clyde Auman and J. F. Minnis; also, 
in the direct support of Roberta Fleagle, a medical missionary to 
China, by the congregation of Grace Church, Greensboro, for 
several years. Year after year the North Carolina Branch raised 
annually several thousand dollars for the national treasurer of the 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society. 

All missionary interests, including the Woman's Foreign Mis- 
sionary Society, were merged by the General Conference of 1928, 
to form the Board of Missions. 

The Woman's Home Missionary Society of the North Carolina 
Conference was organized in the Liberty Methodist Protestant 
Church in 1908. The organization was created with Mrs. A. G. 
Dixon, president, and Mrs. W. C. Hammer, secretary. Representa- 
tives were present from the eleven societies in North Carolina, 
the first of which was organized under the direction of Mrs. J. 
F. McCulloch and Miss Frances Sutton (now Mrs. Bibb Mills, 
Birmingham, Ala.) at Grace Church, Greensboro, in the spring of 


1908. Mrs. Dixon, who had been a missionary to Japan for a few 
years and for fourteen years travelling secretary for the Woman's 
Foreign Missionary Society, proved a wise leader during the 
formative years. She and Mrs. C. W. Gray, of Adrian, Michigan, 
national field secretary, organized many societies in the North 
Carolina churches. The following year Mrs. Dixon was elected 
national president of the Woman's Home Missionary Society. She 
was succeeded as president of the North Carolina Branch by Mrs. 
W. C. Hammer, who continued to serve until the merger of the 
mission interests in 1928, then became president of the N. C. 
Branch of the Woman's Work and served in that capacity until 
1937. Mrs. R. M. Andrews succeeded Mrs. Hammer as State 
president and yet fills that responsibility. 

The North Carolina Branch of the Woman's Home Missionary 
Society distinguished itself in two years by launching the project 
of the Children's Home. That story is told elsewhere. In addition 
to the Home, the women have raised more than $6,000 for 
scholarships in High Point College as well as sending thousands of 
dollars annually into national home mission channels. 

The women of North Carolina are pioneers in a combined mis- 
sionary program. For many years the annual meetings of the 
Foreign and Home Societies were conducted as joint projects. The 
program was equally divided between topics of interest to each. 
Then about a year before the official merger of the Woman's 
Home and Foreign Societies, the Central Church, of Asheboro, 
merged its local Home and Foreign Societies into the first Woman's 
Auxiliary in the Methodist Protestant Church. 



The only orphanage home of the Methodist Protestant Church 
is located at High Point, North Carolina. It was established by the 
Woman's Home Missionary Society of North Carolina upon the 
recommendation of Mrs. W. C. Hammer, president. The Home 
was opened in Denton, North Carolina, in 1910, with Mrs. Mabel 
Williams Russell as matron. Mrs. Russell received assistance almost 
immediately when Mrs. Etta Auman Austin arrived. The Home 
was transferred to High Point during August, 1913. Those taking 
a very active part in the establishment and maintenance of the 
Home at High Point included Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Welch who 
provided the land for the site and gave generously towards its 
purchase; the Reverend and Mrs. A. G. Dixon, J. R. Reitzel, 
A. M. Rankin, George T. Penny, J. C. Penny, and J. M. Millikan. 
The Home is the property of the North Carolina Conference, 
though endorsed in 1912, by the General Conference of the 
Methodist Protestant Church. The Penny Building for Boys, not 
shown in the picture, was largely the gift of George T. and J. C. 
Penny. More than half of the annual operating cost of the Home 
is provided by voluntary offerings by the Sunday schools in the 
North Carolina Conference. J. M. Millikan has been chairman of 
the Board of Trustess of the Home throughout the life of the 
institution. A. G. Dixon is the present superintendent. (Photo- 
graph provided by the Home). 

Chapter X 

The Methodist Protestant 
Children's Home 

The Methodist Protestant Children's Home is the crystallized 
love of the women of the North Carolina Conference for orphan 
children. The Home was originally established at Denton in 1910, 
but three years later was removed to High Point. While it is the 
only such home in our entire denomination and has the official 
endorsement of the entire Church, it is the property of the North 
Carolina Annual Conference. It is operated by a Board of Trustees. 

Prior to the establishment of the High Point Children's Home, 
the Conference called upon North Carolina Methodist Protestants 
to support the Masonic Orphanage at Oxford. Two resolutions to 
the same effect were offered to the Conference in 1879. The 
purpose was to endorse the Oxford Orphanage and recommend it 
to Methodist Protestants. Again in 1897 a resolution was passed 
to the effect: "That the pastors and laymen, members of this 
Conference, be and are hereby urged to endeavor to get the 
Sunday Schools and Christian Endeavor Societies on their various 
charges to make a Thanksgiving or Christmas offering of useful 
articles, such as clothing, provisions and the like, to the Orphanage 
at Oxford, N. C." l " 

The Children's Home was established as a project of the North 
Carolina Branch of the Woman's Home Missionary Society. Mrs. 
W. C. Hammer, president of the Branch, in her annual report 
made in Greensboro, May, 1910, suggested this work be under- 
taken. G. L. Reynolds approved the idea, so he approached Mrs. 
Hammer and offered an old, discarded school building located on 
Methodist Protestant Church property in Denton, where he was 
preaching and conducting a school. 

The Executive Committee of the Branch immediately set about 
to procure a matron for the proposed Home. At the session of the 
Home Mission Board held that May in Asheville, Miss Mabel 
Williams (Mrs. R. S. Russell) offered to serve. Shortly thereafter 
Miss Etta Auman (Mrs. J. W. Austin) also agreed to serve. "Our 
N. C. delegates" to the Board of Home Missions session in 
Asheville, said Mrs. Mabel Williams Russell, "were Mrs. W. C. 
Hammer, Mrs. E. B. Siler, Misses Etta Auman, Frances Sutton, 
Virla Coble, Mabel Williams. We six met in the 'tipper room,' where 
Mrs. Hammer was stopping, made plans, chose workers, and set 


our opening date, knowing we had less than $50.00, but our 
faith was greater than our bank account." 2 

The Children's Home was opened in Denton on August 22, 
1910. The previous day Mrs. W. C. Hammer and Miss Mabel 
Williams had gone down to set up a cook stove and put the 
building in order. Children began to come in — four from 
Asheville, one from High Point, four from Concord, one from 
Democrat, two from Mebane, one from Charlotte, and one from 
Denton. "These all filled our building and we were having many 
pleading letters from widowed mothers, all in less than six months, 
but as we had no insight into the future we could not even make 
a promise of aid later on." 3 

Miss Mabel Williams remained matron of the Home about 
fifteen months for on October 20, 1911, she was married to R. S. 
Russell. Miss Etta Auman assumed the duties as matron until May 
1913, when she too fell victim of Cupid's darts. Miss Fannie Page, 
assistant matron, took charge and served until the Home was re- 
moved to High Point, during August 1913, at which time Mr. 
and Mrs. H. A. Garrett became superintendents. 

The work of the Home was presented to the Annual Conference 
sessions of 1910. A "motion prevailed that a committee be ap- 
pointed to confer with Miss Mabel Williams regarding the 
orphanage at Denton, N. C. Rev. G. L. Reynolds, Rev. J. H. 
Moton, and Mr. J. W. Whitehead were appointed." 4 The com- 
mittee later reported: "After investigation we find that the work 
being done there (at Denton) is worthy of the cooperation and 
support of this Conference. Therefore be it resolved: }. That this 
Conference endorse the work already done there, and that we give 
it our hearty moral and financial support. 2. That we recommend 
that each pastor see to it that each church hold a thanksgiving 
service on Thanksgiving Day or as near that day as possible at 
which time the claim of the Orphan's Home shall be presented 
and an offering taken for its support. . . ." 5 

Some time in every Annual Conference session has been given 
over to the interest of the Home. The Conference was sitting in 
Kernersville in 1910, so on Saturday evening, the Journal entry 
stated: "This Conference met in the town auditorium and was 
cpened with devotional exercises. This session was given to the 
women in order that they might present their work, viz: the 
Orphan's Home, Denton, North Carolina, and the North Carolina 
Branch of the Woman's Foreign (Should be "Home") Missionary- 
Society. Miss Mabel Williams, the matron of the Orphanage, 
addressed the meeting in the interest of the Orphanage. At the 
close of her address an offering was made to buy a new range 
for the orphanage, amounting to $5 3.00. The report of the com- 


mittee on Orphan's Home was read and adopted." 8 At this same 
session S. R. Harris, O. R. Cox, and J. M. Millikan were elected 
trustees to act with the ladies in the management of the Home. 
Millikan was chosen chairman of the Board of Trustees at the 
first meeting and has served in that capacity ever since. 

The Home grew and made steady progress during its early years. 
President Swain said in his report in 1911. "This institution though 
young has appealed to our people and some of them have come up 
strong in its support. During the past year the people of Denton 
have purchased additional land costing two thousand dollars. The 
number of children cared for at this institution has steadily 
increased and many applicants have been denied a place there for 
want of room." ' 

The Home was transferred to High Point in 1913. The reason 
for this transfer is best explained by Mrs. Mabel "Williams Russell: 
"The need for larger quarters was so keenly felt that plans for a 
permanent location were put before our people. The Denton people 
plead for us to stay with them and made liberal offers, and it would 
have been a wonderful location, but this being before the days of 
good roads and automobiles, made it a hard place to reach. In the 
spring of 1912, A. G. Dixon, then pastor of the First Methodist 
Protestant Church in High Point, preached a sermon on 'The 
Child in the Midst,' in which he laid the matter of a new location 
for the Children's Home upon the hearts of his people. At the 
close of the service the late Dr. J. R. Reitzel, who had been left 
an orphan, said he would be the first man to give $500.00 if it 
could be located near High Point. Captain A. M. Rankin im- 
mediately said he would do the same." A location Committe was 
appointed, composed of J. M. Millikan, O. R. Cox, A. M. Rankin, 
and R. R. Ross. 8 Dr. and Mrs. A. G. Dixon were requested to 
find a location in or about High Point. 

Upon the offer of Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Welch, a farm of 3 8 acres 
was purchased at the rate of $100 per acre, on the Greensboro 
highway just East of the City of High Point. Welch gave a 
thousand dollars and Mrs. Welch $500 on the price of the land. 
Other large gifts including those of J. R. Reitzel, A. M. Rankin> 
Mr. and Mrs. Welch, were those by George T. Penny of $500, 
and W. P. Pickett of $2 5 0. 9 

A Building Committee was appointed: J. M. Millikan, J. R. 
Reitzel, T. A. Hunter, M. H. Holt, R. R. Ross, Mrs. W. C. 
Hammer, and Mrs. A. G. Dixon. The cornerstone was laid in 
September of 1912, and the children moved into the completed 
edifice in August of the following year. Mr. and Mrs. H. A. 
Garrett took charge of our Home in the new location August 
1, 1913. After eleven years of service he resigned, leaving a 

[71 ] 

property valued at more than $200,000.00 free from debt and 
money in the bank. 

The Home has been fortunate in its leadership. The superin- 
tendents in their order of service have been Mrs. Mabel Williams 
Russell, Mrs. Etta Auman Austin, Miss Fannie Page, Mr. and 
Mrs. H. A. Garrett, Reverend and Mrs. E. G. Lowdermilk, E. F. 
Allman, and Dr. and Mrs. A. G. Dixon. Mr. and Mrs. E. G. 
Lowdermilk supervised the Home for two years beginning with 
192 5. They were succeeded by E. F. Allman who also served for 
almost two years. Dr. and Mrs. Dixon took charge in 1928 and 
have served ever since. They are ably assisted by J. A. Dixon, 
who has charge of the boys and supervises the farm operations. 

The total cost of the Home, including grounds and buildings, at 
its new High Point location was reported in 1913 to be $27,703.45. 
About half of the amount had been paid by the time of opening, 
the remainder was collected during the coming few years. That 
year a policy was adopted which has proved very beneficial in 
supporting the Home: "We would request that this Conference 
approve of the policy of many of our Sunday Schools in giving 
at least one collection each month to the support of the Home 
and that you urge all our schools to do the same." 

Superintendent H. A. Garrett reported to the Conference in 
1921: "We had hoped to have our boys' dormitory completed by 
this time, but were unavoidably delayed. Now we have the as- 
surance from our architect that the plans will soon be completed 
for the contractor. The funds are provided for, as Messrs. George 
T. and J. C. Penny will give half the cost of the building, pro- 
vided it does not cost over $50,000." 1L 

The Children's Home, through an idea of J. M. Millikan, has 
been a blessing to all orphans in North Carolina and many others 
in still other States. According to Superintendent A. G. Dixon, 
"It is our own J. M. Millikan, Chairman of our Board of Trustees, 
who suggested some years ago that all our people be asked to 
contribute one day's income to the Home, on or about, Thanks- 
giving Day. The Children's Home Association of the State has 
taken up the thought, and each year the people of North Carolina 
are asked to contribute one day's income to the Orphan Child at 
Thanksgiving." ] ~ We understand that this is done also in some 
other States. 

The third important building on the Children's Home grounds 
is that of the home of the superintendent. "We especially ap- 
preciate the thought which prompted the late Benjamin N. Duke 
to will this Home $5,000 and we also appreciated the resolution 
on the part of Board of Trustees," says Superintendent Dixon in 
1930, "which permitted that amount of money to be used in 


the erection of so good a cottage for the Superintendent and his 
family." 1J 

During the eleven years of supervision by Dr. and Mrs. A. G. 
Dixon many improvements have been made in addition to the 
erection of the superintendent's home above mentioned. The num- 
ber of live stock has been more than doubled and additional farm 
equipment acquired. The store room is always well stocked with 
canned goods. Better cars and buses have replaced the old ones. 
"Single beds have taken the place of double ones, new oak floors 
have been put in the girls' building and a new furnace in each 
building. The girls' building has a new range in the kitchen. Two 
large refrigerators and a drinking fountain have been paid for 
with coupons." 14 A gymnasium is under construction at this time. 

The Children's Home has always had the generous support of 
the people of North Carolina. While the Home was endorsed by 
the General Conference of 1912 as the official denominational 
orphanage, the General Church has never put more than $2,000 
per annum into the operating cost. The amount was only $1,600 
per annum until the General Conference of 1936 raised the figure. 
With an annual operating budget of approximately $22,000, the 
sum contributed by the General Conference would keep the Home 
going little more than thirty days. The bulk of support has come 
from the Sunday Schools of the North Carolina Annual Conference. 
The Sunday Schools of this State have contributed during the 
past several years at the rate of from $9,000 to $11,000 annually 
to the Home, which is almost fifty per cent of the operating cost. 
The remainder of the support has come from the Duke Endow- 
ment, private gifts, and the women of the North Carolina Branch. 

The Children's Home doubtless is the greatest success of North 
Carolina Methodist Protestants. It is neither in debt for buildings 
nor operating costs, though it has never levied an assessment but 
has depended for its support on voluntary gifts. The Home is 
under some obligations because at one time it was joined with 
High Point College as security for a bond issue of fifty thousand 
dollars sold by the College. The present property is evaluated at 
approximately $3 5 0,000. About 115 children are being taken 
care of, and all bills of the Home are paid. Methodist Protestants 
are justly proud of the North Carolina women who began so well 
and of the Children's Home which has proved such a success. 


Chapter XI 

The North Carolina Conference Attitude 
Towards Church Union 

Methodist Protestants in North Carolina have always been 
cooperative people. They have on every occasion, with only a 
possible single exception, expressed themselves friendly and favor- 
able to proposed unions and full cooperation. The Methodist 
Protestant minister is always an active member of the local inter- 
denominational ministers' association. If one visits any interdenomi- 
national gathering in North Carolina he will find Methodist Prot- 
estants in attendance and participating in the meeting. 

The Methodist Protestant Church through the years has been 
vitally affiliated with the American Bible Society. Representatives 
of that organization even prior to the War Between the States, 
visited the North Carolina Conference sessions and were gladly 
given time on the program. 

William McNeill, assistant secretary of the American Bible 
Society, attended the Conference of 18 5 5 and addressed it. A 
committee was appointed to bring in appropriate suggestions which 
were presented: 

Your committee . . . feel that the cooperation of our entire 
membership is needed in the great work of distributing the 
word of God. And while taking this view of the subject they 
recommend prompt, industrious, and systematic action in order 
to accomplish the object so much desired. The plan proposed 
for your adoption is that the Superintendents of the several 
circuits and stations take up a collection at each appointment 
in their respective fields of labor annually at such season as 
they may deem best previously giving notice thereof from 
the pulpit. 1 

Calvin H. Wiley, a Presbyterian minister, who was the first 
Superintendent of Public Education in North Carolina, was field 
agent for the American Bible Society in the States of North and 
South Carolina, and visited the Methodist Protestant Conferences 
in 1877 and 1878. 

The North Carolina Conference has been actively affiliated with 
the International Council of Religious Education. At the conven- 
tion sponsored by that organization in 1930, delegates to Toronto 
from the North Carolina Conference included Lawrence C. Little, 
F. L. Gibbs, J. W. Braxton, and J. Elwood Carroll. At a similar 

[74 J 

convention held by that organization in Columbus, Ohio, in 1938, 
the North Carolina Conference was represented by T. J. Whitehead, 
F. L. Gibbs, J. W. Braxton, E. Lester Ballard, Elaine Causey, 
Frances Causey, and Reverend and Mrs. J. Elwood Carroll. Rep- 
resentatives have been sent on several occasions to the annual meet- 
ings of the Advisory Committees in Chicago. Among these have 
been T. J. Whitehead, J. Clyde Auman, J. Elwood Carroll, J. W. 
Braxton, and J. T. Bowman. 

The North Carolina Conference has always taken an active part 
in the North Carolina Sunday School Association, and its suc- 
cessor, The North Carolina Council of Churches. R. M. Andrews 
served at one time as president of the Association. P. E. Lindley 
was president of the Association at the time plans were laid for a 
transition of the organization to that of a State Council of 
Churches. The present representatives on the Council are P. E. 
Lindley, J. P. Pegg, J. C. Madison, T. J. Whitehead, and O. C. 

The earliest efforts toward organic union with other branches 
of Christendom were with the Christian Church, now merged with 
the Congregational Church. As early as 1840, the North Carolina 
Conference received a communication on union from the Christian 
Church. Three members of their Conference met with an equal* 
number from the North Carolina Conference and deliberations 
were entered into, concerning which was reported: "The Com- 
mittee ... is happy to learn that a formal union of the Christian 
with the Methodist Protestant Church is desired by many of that 
communion, but that there is in their opinion no possibility of 
such a union being affected at this time. But believing it altogether 
desirable and that by prudent measures it may at no distant day 
be affected, they propose the appointment of a committee to wait 
on the next annual conference of the Christian Church to be held 
at Apples Chapel Community on the 30th day of September, 
1841." * No tangible results were forthcoming. 

Further efforts were exerted towards the union of the North 
Carolina Conference with the Christian Church in this State during 
1894 and 1895. A committee of five persons was appointed from 
the North Carolina Conference to meet with a similar committee 
of the Christian Church Conference to arrange "terms of coopera- 
tion or organic union."' The committee reported in 1895: 
"We . . . find from our mutual consultation on the subject of 
organic union that while there appears to be no doctrinal or 
governmental principle in the way which would not be adjusted, 
there are certain legal obstructions which appear insurmountable. 
Much to our regret, therefore, we find that the utmost which we 


can expect now to effect, is to recommend to our respective Con- 
ferences cooperative union." i 

When the Methodist Protestant General Conference was con- 
sidering organic union with the United Brethren Church, the 
North Carolina Conference went on record in 1913 as being in 
favor of such union." 

The union of greatest interest is that of the Methodist Confer- 
ences here within the State. Four fraternal messengers from the 
North Carolina Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
South, visited the North Carolina Conference in 1869. 6 They came 
no doubt in the interest of organic union of the two conferences 
since in some states Methodist Protestant and Methodist Episcopal, 
South, conferences had united. The North Carolina Conference did 
not approve this method of union for the following year it said: 
"The action of the separate annual conferences of the M. P. Church 
with the M. E. Church, South, so as to unite the M. P. Church, 
or any part of the same, with the M. E. Church, South, is a 
violation of the Constitution of the M. P. Church — is revolutionary 
in its character, and its tendency is to disintegrate and to seriously 
injure the church. Resolved, That we request our sister Conferences 
of the M. P. Church to cease all separate actions for union with 
the M. E. Church, South." ' 

Little effort apparently was put forth for organic union, with 
the exception of the above incident, until recent years. Fraternal 
greetings were exchanged between the North Carolina Conference 
and the Southern Methodist Conferences since 1899 when the two 
happened to be in session simultaneously." The North Carolina 
Conference instructed the president to appoint a fraternal mes- 
senger, in 1902, to the Western North Carolina Conference. No 
record appears of whether or not the appointment was made. 9 

This message was sent in 1916: "We, the member of the North 
Carolina Conference of the Methodist Protestant Church, do 
hereby express our profound gratification in the action of yesterday 
by the Western North Carolina Conference of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, South, in annual session in Gastonia, N. C, 
endorsing and approving the question favoring the unification of 
Methodism. We, therefore, favor the movement and pray that the 
time may soon come when we shall have one great Methodist 
Church." 10 

It was with a glad response in 1922, in compliance with an 
invitation, that the North Carolina Conference adopted a resolu- 
tion calling for the appointment of a committee of six members to 
sit with a like committee from the Western North Carolina Con- 
ference, to form the Joint Commission on Methodist Cooperation. 
The representatives from the North Carolina Conference were T. 


M. Johnson, J. D. Williams, R. C. Stubbins, R. F. Williams, L. F. 
Ross, and J. H. Allen. 11 The six commissioners from the two 
conferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, were J. H. 
Barnhardt, J. F. Kirk, M. T. Plyler, C. B. Culbreth, Fred N. Tate, 
and W. P. Few. 12 

The plan of endeavor was formulated at the first meeting of the 
Joint Commission on Methodist Cooperation, which was held in 
Greensboro on January 18, 1923. The following message was drawn 
up and sent to the three Conferences: 

We are duly mindful of the common origin of our separate 
Methodisms, which are one in spirit, life and doctrine; and 
always have been a unit in the effort to spread scriptural holi- 
ness over the land. Moreover, the increasing complexity of 
the social order, with its problems and the readjustments 
going on about us, admonishes us that our Methodist people 
must gather their forces for a more vigorous church life 
and unite for a mutual advance. Under the blessings of 
Heaven, our two Methodist churches must become a still 
greater force for righteousness and spiritual advance in North 
Carolina. Every atom of energy must be mobilized against a 
common foe; loss of power and effectiveness, due to unneces- 
sary friction, must cease. . . . 13 

The spirit of union within North Carolina Methodism was 
hastened by the various annual messages issued by the Joint Com- 
mission on Methodist Cooperation and the exchange of fraternal 
messengers. The desire for union, in fact, became so urgent that in 
1930 the North Carolina Conference considered requesting that it 
be released from the Methodist Protestant Church so as to be free 
to consider terms of union with the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
South. This move was motivated in part by the fact that union 
was being contemplated between the Methodist Episcopal Church 
and the Methodist Protestant Church. It was on Saturday after- 
noon, November 8, 1930, at the Albemarle session of the North 
Carolina Conference that W. L. Ward, of Asheboro, read the 
minutes of a series of meetings held in the interest of a possible 
union of the Methodist Protestant Church in this State with the 
conferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. The matter 
was debated for about two hours then laid on the table for further 
consideration on Monday morning. Monday, however, a resolution 
was offered referring the matter to the Commission on Church 
Union of the General Conference of the Methodist Protestant 
Church, requesting that Commission to call a special session of the 
General Conference to consider the proposition. 14 The main reason 


this matter was permitted to be killed in such a manner was the 
apparent possibility of a larger Methodist union. 

Invitation was extended by the Joint Commission on Methodist 
Cooperation to the Methodist Episcopal Church to elect representa- 
tives to membership on the Commission. W. J. Plint and I. A. 
Speaks were present from the Blue Ridge Atlantic Annual Con- 
ference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in 193 5, and were 
welcomed as members. 10 

There has been an exchange of fraternal messengers between the 
North Carolina Conference and the other Methodist conferences 
since the formation of the Joint Commission in 1922. A joint 
fraternal session of the North Carolina Conference and the Blue 
Ridge Atlantic Conference was held in Asheville in connection 
with the annual sittings of these conferences in 1914. 

The fraternal messengers from the two Methodist Episcopal 
Church, South, conferences to the North Carolina Conference 
include: W. P. Few (1925) ; M. T. Plyler (1926) ; Paul N. Garber 
(1927); A. W. Plyler (1929); Frank S. Hickman (1930); M. T. 
Plyler, W. A. Newell, and W. P. Few (1931); W. A. Kale 
(1932); Paul N. Garber (1933); C. M. Pickens (1934); M. T. 
Plyler (1937); and L. B. Hayes (1938). The Blue Ridge Atlantic 
Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church has sent to the 
North Carolina Conference during recent years the following 
fraternal messengers: W. A. Parsons (1931); J. "Wade Thompson 
(1932); B. A. Culp (1934); W. A. Parsons (1936); and W. J. 
Plint (1938). 

The North Carolina Conference has sent fraternal messengers to 
the other three Methodist conferences in the State. The Methodist 
Protestant fraternal messengers to the Blue Ridge Atlantic Con- 
ference were: P. E. Lindley (1932); C. W. Bates (1933); T. J. 
Whitehead (1934); G. H. Hendry (1935); J. Elwood Carroll 
(1936); and T. Glenn Madison (1937). North Carolina Confer- 
ence fraternal messengers to the Western North Carolina Confer- 
ence were as follows: N. G. Bethea (1927); J. E. Pritchard 
(1928); N. G. Bethea (1929); G. R. Brown (1931); G. I. 
Humphreys (1932); S. W. Taylor (1933); F. W. Paschall 
(1934); C. W. Bates (1936); and R. M. Andrews (1938). 
Fraternal messengers from the North Carolina Conference to the 
North Carolina Annual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, South, included: S. W. Taylor (1925); T. M. Johnson 
(1926); Lawrence C. Little (1927); P. E. Lindley (1928); 
Lawrence C. Little (1929); R. I. Farmer (1931); F. W. 
Paschall (1932); R. M. Andrews (1933); P. S. Kennett (1934); 
T. J. Whitehead (1936); and F. W. Paschall (1937). 

The General Conference of the Methodist Protestant Church 


having voted for the Plan of Union, in its quadrennial session m 
First Church, High Point, on May 23, 1936, by a vote of 142 for 
and 39 against, the Plan of Union was sent as an overture to the 
several annual conferences. 16 The overture came that same year to 
the North Carolina Conference in session in First Church, Albe- 
marle. After considerable time spent in the answering of questions 
and a season of prayer, the delegates proceded to vote on a motion 
to adopt the overture sanctioning the Plan of Union. "The Secre- 
tary announced the result of the ballot as follows: 

Number of votes cast 150 

Necessary to determine 76 

Ministers voting Yes 69 

Laymen voting Yes 5 5 

Ministers voting No 8 

Laymen voting No 18 

Total affirmative vote 124 

Total negative vote 26 

The President announced that the overture on the Plan of Union 
had been adopted." " 

Within the circles of the North Carolina Annual Conference of 
the Methodist Protestant Churches very little disapproval of the 
proposed Union has been expressed. No agitation has disturbed the 
Church. Methodist Protestants look forward to the new relationship 
with much happiness. 


Chapter XII 

North Carolina Contributions of 
Men and Money 

North Carolina, being one of the largest of the annual confer- 
ences of the Methodist Protestant Church, has been one of the 
most influential. She has made her contributions along three lines: 
First, by the institutions the Conference has developed here within 
the State, such as the Children's Home and High Point College; 
Secondly, by the money raised for denominational enterprises; and 
Finally, by the men and women of North Carolina who have 
rendered distinguished service to the Methodist Protestant Church. 
The two major institutions of the North Carolina Conference have 
been discussed. 

The North Carolina Conference has carried an equitable part of 
the finances of the Methodist Protestant Church. In the Million 
Dollar Drive of 1918 and 1919, the North Carolina Conference 
pledged $67,000 for the general Church enterprises. Through the 
years since that time North Carolina Methodist Protestants have 
carried their part of the denominational program. A Centennial 
Gratitude Gift of $100,000 was set up as a denominational goal 
for 1928, with the North Carolina Conference assessed $12,000 of 
that amount. The assessment for North Carolina was raised in full. 

The North Carolina Conference has supported Westminster 
Theological Seminary. H. L. Elderdice, president of the Seminary, 
visited the North Carolina Conference in 1916, and took a 
collection of $503.50. Pledges previously made towards the 
Seminary building amounted to more than a thousand dollars. 1 
North Carolina, prior to this time, had paid for the erection of a 
North Carolina Conference Cottage at the Seminary. C. E. Forlines, 
a professor in the Seminary, had travelled through North Carolina 
in the summer of 1910, and solicited contributions for a cottage 
which was to cost about $3,000. Forlines collected more than 
$2,500 of the amount needed. 

The story of the men whom North Carolina has contributed to 
fields of religious usefulness is much more lengthy. Political 
arrangements have in no case entered into the workings of the 
North Carolina Conference, therefore the men and women from 
this State who have served the general Church have done so by 
sincerity of purpose and efficiency of leadership. There has never 
been any so-called "political machine" within the North Carolina 
Conference. Never has there been any "swapping of votes" with 


any other section of the Methodist Protestant Church. These facts 
are stated to exalt the men and women from North Carolina who 
have been denominational leaders. 

William H. Wills, who for many years was an outstanding 
minister of the North Carolina Conference and served as secretary 
of the Conference and also on several occasions as president, was 
in 1867, elected president of the General Conference. This great 
man's life is a story in itself. His son, R. H. Wills was also an 
outstanding minister and became president of the North Carolina 
Conference; and his grandson, J. Norman Wills, of Greensboro, 
has been an outstanding layman for the past fifty years. 

Shadrach Simpson, after serving as president of Yadkin College 
for ten years, became professor in Western Maryland College, 
which position he filled for seventeen years. He was superintendent 
of public schools in Carroll County, Maryland, from 1900 to his 
death in 1912." 

The North Carolina Conference has furnished several mission- 
aries to both the home and foreign fields. A. R. Morgan resigned 
the presidency of Yadkin College High School in 1894, to become 
a missionary to Japan. 3 J. W. Frank was released from the pas- 
torate of the Winston Church in 1899, so that he and Mrs. Frank 
could go as missionaries to Japan, where they spent five years. Upon 
the failure of the Board of Foreign Missions to return them to 
Japan, Frank transferred to the Western North Carolina Confer- 
ence of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, in order to be sent 
back to Japan. Frank and his companion have rendered useful and 
profitable service in Japan. 

T. J. Ogburn, a minister of the North Carolina Conference, 
"was for twelve years secretary of the Board of Foreign Missions 
(1895-1907), travelling throughout the conferences of the Meth- 
odist Protestant Church and making hundreds of impassionate 
appeals to our Church to do its part in preaching the Gospel to< 
every creature." * 

The North Carolina Conference has provided two home mission 
workers in the person of G. L. Curry and O. B. Williams. G. L. 
Curry was loaned in 1915, to the Home Mission Board for work 
on the west coast. He remained there two years then returned as 
pastor of Broadway Church, Baltimore, for one year. Williams 
served for five years (1919-1924) as pastor of Sea View Methodist 
Protestant Church, Seattle, Washington. He was working under 
the direction of the Home Mission Board. 

Recent contributions from North Carolina to the foreign mission 
field include J. Clyde Auman and J. F. Minnis. Auman was loaned 
in 1921, to the Board of Foreign Missions for work in Japan. He 
rendered useful and sacrificial service for five years at the Meth- 


odist Protestant school for boys in Yokohoma, Japan. Minnis' 
service on the field in India has been interrupted considerably due 
to disturbances here in America. He went out under the direction 
of the Board of Foreign Missions in 1922 and served five and 
one-half years. He returned to North Carolina in 1928 and for 
almost two years was pastor at Graham. A second time he went 
out to India, this time with his salary guaranteed by the North 
Carolina Branch of Woman's Work. He was abruptly recalled in 
1933 and supplanted by another for three years, during which time 
he was pastor of the Asheville Methodist Protestant Church. For 
a third time he set sail in December of 1936, for India and is 
doing an excellent work at Dhulia. 

One of the most distinguished women of the Methodist Prot- 
estant Church is Mrs. W. C. Hammer, of Asheboro, North 
Carolina. In addition to active work in launching and supporting 
the Children's Home and her long service as president of the 
North Carolina Home Missionary Society, both of which have 
been told elsewhere, she served as president of the national Woman's 
Convention of the Methodist Protestant Church for four years 
(1932-1936). She has been a delegate to several General Confer- 
ences, a delegate to the Uniting Conference, and is continuing a 
long life of useful service as a member of the Board of Missions 
of the Methodist Protestant Church. 

The giving of Charles Edward Forlines to Westminster Theologi- 
cal Seminary is one of North Carolina's greatest contributions to 
the Methodist Protestant Church. Forlines was reared in Alamance 
County and was licensed to preach by the Burlington Church. 
Through tremendous hardships he gained his education and became 
a scholar of first rank. He is a natural teacher, so after only a 
few years in the ministry in North Carolina he was released to 
become a professor in Adrian College, where he served for two 
years. When the Seminary term opened in September of 1905, 
Forlines joined the faculty and has remained an outstanding 
professor for twenty-nine years. He has served as president of 
Westminster Theological Seminary, Westminster, Maryland, since 
1934. Forlines, as a great teacher, during a third of a century has 
done as much as any single living man to shape the pattern and 
destiny of ministers of the Methodist Protestant Church. Maryland 
will be in the Northeastern Jurisdictional Conference of The 
Methodist Church, therefore during June of this year, Forlines 
transferred his membership to the Maryland Conference. 

North Carolina has been very liberal with her contributions to 
the national Board of Young People's Work, and its successor, the 
Board of Christian Education. A. G. Dixon, of North Carolina, 
was the Secretary of the Board of Young People's Work for five 


years, 1917 to 1922, and returned to North Carolina to become 
President of the Annual Conference. Lawrence C. Little became 
Secretary of the same Board in 1926 and served in that capacity 
for eight years. F. L. Gibbs, also of North Carolina, was con- 
nected with the Board as associate secretary from 1928 to 1932 — 
four years, then in 1932 became Executive Secretary and has 
served ever since in that capacity. 

Outstanding personalities from North Carolina have already taken 
their place in The Methodist Church. C. W. Bates, who has served 
for twenty-five years as secretary of the North Carolina Confer- 
ence and for a number of years as secretary of the General 
Conference of the Methodist Protestant Church, was selected as 
assistant secretary of The Uniting Conference. George R. Brown, 
of North Carolina, was selected as one of the nine members of 
the Judicial Council of The Methodist Church. J. E. Pritchard, 
S. W. Taylor, and J. Norman Wills served as members of the 
Commission on Union which drew up the Plan of Union for the 
three Methodist Churches. Other North Carolina personalities 
who continue active on interim committees of The Methodist 
Church include Mrs. W. C. Hammer, G. I. Humphreys, Mrs. 
D. S. Coltrane, and J. Clyde Auman. 

The Methodist Protestants of North Carolina have rendered a 
service, not especially to the denomination, but to the Tubercular 
sufferers of Western North Carolina in the work of J. S. Williams. 
The Good Samaritan Mission was organized in Asheville in 1911, 
by the Asheville Ministers' Association. The purpose of the Mission 
was to render aid to the health-seekers who were coming to 
Asheville at the rate of about three thousand a month, thus 
making the work of visiting them alone entirely too large an 
endeavor for the regular pastors. The Asheville Ministers' Associa- 
tion selected J. S. Williams as the chaplain of the Good Samaritan 
Mission and asked the North Carolina Conference to lend him for 
that work. Williams has continued his excellent service in this 
capacity for twenty-eight years. One seldom sees any Christian who 
more nearly wears himself out for, and gives away all he makes to 
help others than does J. S. Williams. 

Another unique contribution to health-seekers is Homer Casto 
and his Bethel Home at Weaverville. Casto came to North Carolina 
from West Virginia in quest of health himself. Considering himself 
well, he received a pastoral appointment in the North Carolina 
Conference, but had to resign shortly. Casto, with a genuine love 
for folks, remarked to the editor: "Another fellow and I began 
this Home with a hundred dollars and faith in God." "The other 
fellow" soon withdrew from the project and Casto continued. The 
Bethel Home is located on a beautiful tract of land overlooking 


the town of Weaverville and can accommodate as many as 
thirty-five patients. Casto has no set rate of charges, but asks each 
patient who comes to the Bethel Home to share in the expenses of 
the Home as he is able. Truly, Homer Casto has rendered a great 
help to many seekers after health. 

These men and women, along with a host of unsung heroes of 
the Cross, have made North Carolina a leading annual conference 
in the Methodist Protestant Church. 



Appendix A 

Conference Directory 

a. Officers of the Annual Conference 

Rev. J. E. Pritchard, D.D., High Point, N. C. 

Rev. C. W. Bates, D.D., Brown Summit, N. C. 

Assistant Secretary 
Rev. Fred W. Paschall, S.T.D., Burlington, N. C. 

Mr. J. H. Allen, Reidsville, N. C. 

Statistical Secretary 
Rev. E. G. Cowan, Ocracoke, N. C. 

Rev. J. Elwood Carroll, M.A., Greensboro, N. C. 

Keeper of Records 
Rev. Paul S. Kennett, LL.D., High Point, N. C. 

Press Representative 
Rev. J. L. Trollinger, Winston-Salem, N. C. 

b. Conference Boards 

(All members are elected annually unless otherwise indicated) 

Annual Conference Council of Religious Education — T. J. White- 
head, President; J. Elwood Carroll, Vice-President; Mrs. E. 
Lester Ballard, Secretary; Rev. J. Clyde Auman, Treasurer; 
Rev. J. W. Braxton (1939); Dr. P. E. Lindley (1940). 

Board of Church Extension — 

1939— W. A. Davies, W. F. Redding, Jr. 
1941— W. L. Ward, Treasurer, L. M. Foust. 
1942— T. J. Whitehead, S. W. Taylor, G. L. Curry. 

Board of Managers Superannuated Fund Society — T. M. Johnson, 
J. A. Burgess, S. R. Harris, J. D. Williams, Edward Suits, 
L. L. Wrenn, T. J. Whitehead, W. T. Hanner, J. Norman 
Wills, Treasurer. (Membership for life) . 


Children's Home — Dr. A. G. Dixon, Superintendent. Trustees — 
J. M. Millikan, Chairman; A. M. Rankin, Secretary-Treasurer; 
V. W. Idol, R. M. Andrews, Mrs. A. G. Dixon, George T. 
Penny, J. Norman Wills, J. C. Penny, Mrs. W. C. Hammer, 
J. D. Ross, Mrs. R. M. Cox, Mrs. H. C. Nicholson, J. G. 
Rogers, Lonnie McPherson, J. W. Montgomery, Harry B. 
Finch, J. C. Broomfield, J. H. Straughn, Pastor of First 
Church, High Point, Honorary; president of the annual 
conference, Ex-oflicio. (Membership for life). 

Commission on Methodist Cooperation — 
1939— W. T. Hanner, R. M. Andrews. 
1940— L. F. Ross, S. W. Taylor, F. W. Paschall, J. E. 

Pritchard, R. M. Cox. 
1941 — C. W. Bates, secretary. 

Conference Trustees — 

1939— M. A. Coble, Edward Suits. 

1940— W. F. Ashburn, J. Norman Wills 

1941— J. R. Hutton, G. L. Reynolds, R. C. Stubbins. 

1942— George R. Brown, L. L. Wren. 

District Parsonage Trustees — J. Norman Wills, J. M. Millikan, 
W. T. Hanner, F. R. Stout, Treasurer. (Members for Life) . 

High Point College — Dr. G. I. Humphreys, president. 

Trustees — President of the N. C. Annual Conference. 
1939— S. W. Taylor, L. F. Ross,. Mrs. M. J. Wrenn, R. O. 

Lindsay, A. M. Rankin. 
1940— R. M. Andrews, R. M. Cox, Dr. J. H. Cutchin, W. F. 

Hunsucker, Mrs. C. F. Finch. 
1941— J. D. Williams, J. M. Millikan, J. N. Wills, F. Logan 

1942— J. C. Auman, H. A. Millis, C. H. Kearns, W. L. 

Ward, B. K. Millaway. 
1943— N. M. Harrison, C. C. Robbins, J. S. Pickett. 

North Carolina Board of Education — Dr. T. M. Johnson, Presi- 
dent; Dr. J. E. Pritchard, Vice-President; and Dr. C. R. 
Hinshaw, Secretary-Treasurer. J. H. Allen, R. M. Andrews, 
C. W. Bates, J. M. Cutchin, Jr., W. T. Hanner, J. B. Hicks, 
V. W. Idol, F. W. Paschall, J. S. Pickett, S. W. Taylor, J. 
Norman Wills, L. L. Wren, J. G. Rogers, and G. I. 
Humphreys (Honorary). 

North Carolina Council of Churches — P. E. Lindley, J. P. Pegg, 
J. Clay Madison, T. J. Whitehead, O. C. Loy. 

United Dry Forces — H. Freo Surratt, W. M. Howard, Jr., Dr. 
J. A. Pickett. 


c. Active Ministers 


Admitted Charge 

Yrs. Address 

Anderson, C. E. 


Anderson, J. R. 


Andrews, R. M. 


Auman, J. C. 


Ballard, E. L. 


Bates, C. W. 


Bell, H. W. 


Bethea, N. G. 


Bingham, E. A. 


Bingham, P. E. 


Bowman, J. T. 


Braxton, J. W. 


Broome, D. D. 

Brown, G. R. 


Burgess, J. A. 


Carroll, J. E. 

192 5 

Casto, Homer 


Clark, W. C. 


Coble, J. F. 


Cook, Earl A. 


Cowan, E. G. 


Cranford, J. D. 


Curry, G. L. 


Dixon, A. G. 


Easter, O. L. 


Ferree, G. B. 


Garlington, J. E. 


Garner, D. I, 


Gibbs, F. L. 


Grant, C. L. 


Hamilton, E. P. 


Harkey, W. L. 


Harrison, N. M. 


Helms, L. S. 

Henderson, M. C. 


Hethcox, R. L. 


Hill, C. H. 


Holt, K. G. 

Howard, W. M., Ji 

-. 1930 

Hunter, R. A. 


Huss, D. T. 


Isley, C. G. 


Isley, H. L. 


Johnson, T. M. 


Joyner, Q. L. 


Kennett, P. S. 

• 1917 

Lamb, E. A. 


Lindley, A. O. 


Lindley, P. E. 


Love, F. R. 


Love, J. L. 


Loy, 6. C. 


Loy, W. M. 


Gibsonville 1 

Mt. Hermon 3 

G'boro, West End 1 

T'ville, Community 4 

R'ville, Lindsay St. 1 

Haw River 3 

Roberta 1 

A'ville, Merrimon Ave. 1 

Union Grove 1 

In Hands of Pres. 2 

T'ville, First 2 

Mt. Pleasant 6 

Littleton 1 

Alamance 1 

Flat Rock 2 

G'boro, Grace 6 

Supt. Bethel Home 20 

Democrat-Weaverville 3 
Glen Raven-Haw River 1 
Friendship-Love's Grove 2 

Loan, Ocracoke 1 

Vance 5 

Denton 2 

Supt. Children's Home 11 

High Point, Lebanon 2 

West Forsyth 5 

Spring Church 1 

Mebane 3 

Sec. Bd. Rel. Ed. 12 

Richland 1 

Midway-B. Summit 1 

Lincolnton-Bess Ch. 3 

Prom. Sec. H. P. Col. 9 

In Hands of Pres. 1 

Saxapahaw 1 

Fallston 3 

Why Not 5 

Mocksville 2 

Halifax 4 

Forsyth 8 

Kannapolis 3 

Albemarle 4 

Randolph 1 

Anderson 3 

In Hands of Pres. 1 

Prof. H. P. College 15 

Tabernacle-Julian 4 

In Hands of Pres. 2 

Prof. H. P. College 15 

Pleasant Grove 4 

Draper 3 

Lexington, State St. 2 

Mt. Zion 2 

Gibsonville, N. C. 
Burlington, N. C. 
Greensboro, N. C. 
Thomasville, N. C. 
Reidsville, N. C. 
Brown Summit, N. C. 
Concord, N. C. 
Asheville, N. C. 
Union Grove, N. C. 
Savannah, Ga. 
Thomasville, N. C. 
Liberty, N. C. 
Littleton, N. C. 
Liberty, N. C. 
Burlington, N. C. 
Greensboro, N. C. 
Weaverville, N. C. 
Weaverville, N. C. 
Burlington, N. C. 
Albemarle, N. C. 
Ocracoke, N. C. 
Henderson, N. C. 
Denton, N. C. 
High Point, N. C. 
High Point, N. C. 
Tobaccoville, N. C. 
Pleasant Hill, N. C. 
Mebane, N. C. 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Asheboro, N. C. 
High Point, N. C. 
Lincolnton, N. C. 
High Point, N. C. 
Caroleen, N. C. 
Saxapahaw, N. C. 
Fallston, N. C. 
Asheboro, N. C. 
Mocksville, N. C. 
Enfield, N. C. 
Winston-Salem, N. C. 
Kannapolis, N. C. 
Albemarle, N. C. 
Burlington, N. C. 
Easley, S. C. 
Concord, N. C. 
High Point, N. C. 
Greensboro, N .C. 
Liberty, N. C. 
High Point, N. C. 
Thomasville, N. C. 
Draper, N. C. 
Lexington, N. C. 
Burlington, N. C. 


Name Admitted Charge 

Mabry, L. E. 193 Lexington, First 

Madison, J. Clay 193 High Point, First 
Madison, T. Glenn 192 5 Cleveland 

Yrs. Address 

McDowell, W. F. 

Minnis, J. F. 
Morgan, J. M. 
Morris, C. P. 
Morris, J. D. 
Moser, R. E. L. 
Neese, W. H. 
Paschall, F. W. 
Peeler, E. O. 
Pegg, J. P. 
Pritchard, J. E. 
Reynolds, G. L. 
Ridge, Atlas 
Ridge, C. E. 
Shelton, A. D. 
Short, J. R. 
Smith, A. M. 
Spencer, C. L. 
Strickland, T. E. 
Stubbins, R. C. 
Suits, Edward 
Surratt, H. Freo 
Taylor, S. W. 
Trogdon, J. B. 
Trolinger, J. H. 
Trollinger, J. L. 
Vickery, R. L. 
Wagoner, F. S. 
Way, C. B. 
Whitehead, T. J. 
Williams, D. R. 
Williams, J. D. 
Williams, J. S. 
Williams, O. B. 
Yokeley, W. H. 


1883 Supernumerary, 


1922 Missionary, India 3 

1915 Greensville 4 

1932 Orange 2 

1913 Pinnacle-Mt. Zion 5 

1934 Burlington, Ft. Place 3 

1913 Davidson 1 

1922 Burlington, Davis St. 9 

1926 Concord, First 3 

1927 Granville 2 

1911 President of Confer. 2 
1901 Danville 1 
1921 Spencer-China Grove 2 
1924 Shiloh 6 

1912 G'boro, St. Paul 5 

1920 Mecklenburg 4 
193 3 Liberty-Siler City 4 
1919 Randleman 2 
193 6 C'lotte, Central Ave. 2 

1908 G'boro, Calvary 2 
1901 Hi. Pt., Rankin Mem. 5 
1917 Graham 4 
1907 Asheboro, Central 5 
1911 Guilford 2 
1917 Seagrove-Love Joy 1 

1921 Winston, First 3 

192 8 Rockingham 1 

193 6 Creswell 2 
192 5 Kernersville-S. Winston 2 
192 8 Henderson, Christ 3 

1909 Enfield 3 
1893 Hi. Pt., Welch Mem. 8 
1893 Chap. Mis. Good Sam. 28 

1913 North Davidson 1 
1934 Connelly Springs 4 

d. Preachers 

Lexington, N. C. 
High Point, N. C. 
Lawndale, N. C. 
Asheboro, N. C. 

Dhulia, W. Kadesh, India 
Triplet, Va. 
Efland, N. C. 
Pinnacle, N. C. 
Burlington, N. C. 
Denton, N. C. 
Burlington, N. C. 
Concord, N. C. 
Henderson, N. C. 
High Point, N. C. 
Danville, Va. 
Lexington, N. >C. 
Lexington, N. C. 
Greensboro, N. C. 
Matthews, N. C. 
Liberty, N. C. 
Randleman, N. C. 
High Point, N. C. 
Greensboro, N. C. 
High Point, N. C. 
Graham, N. C. 
Asheboro, N. C. 
Asheboro, N. C. 
Seagrove, N. C. 
Winston-Salem, N. C. 
Rockingham, N. C. 
Creswell, N. C. 
Kernersville, N. C. 
Henderson, N. C. 
Enfield, N. C. 
High Point, N. C. 
Asheville, N. C. 
Winston-Salem, N. C. 
High Point, N. C. 

Name Admitted Charge 

Garmon, H. G. 1938 Shelby-Caroleen 
Pittard, J. Leo 1934 Moriah 

Sharpe, Charles 193 8 Shady Grove 

Vickery, T. H. 193 6 Pageland 

D. E. C. Coble, Haw River, N. C. (193 6). 
S. G. Ferree, Tobaccoville, N. C. (193 5). 
W. J. Neese, Westminster, Md. (193 5). 
F. A. Wright, Fallston, N. C. (193 5). 

Yrs. Address 

1 Caroleen, N. C. 
3 Durham, N. C. 

2 Greensboro, N. C. 
1 Pageland, S. C. 

e. Honorary Members 

Humphreys, G. I 
Spahr, S. K. 

Pres. H. P. College 
G'boro, Grace 
Pastor Emeritus 

Yrs. Address 

9 High Point, N. C. 
1 5 Greensboro, N. C. 


f. Superannuated Members 

Ashburn, W. F Greensboro, N. C. 

Hutton, J. R High Point, N. C. 

Loy, D. M Burlington, N. C. 

McCulloch, T. F Greensboro, N. C. 

Pike, W. M Liberty, N. C. 

Powell, H. L Thomasville, N. C. 

Reed, W. D Greensboro, N. C. 

Thompson, H. S. B Littleton, N. C. 

Williams, B. M Pleasant Hill, N. C. 

g. Widows of Deceased Ministers 



Andrews, Mrs. Nora High Point, N. C. 

Brittain, Mrs. Bessie . . . Hickory, N. C. . . 

Braswell, Mrs. D. A Pageland, S. C. 

Cecil, Mrs. C. A High Point, N. C. 

Dosier, Mrs. Mary Greensboro, N. C. . 

Edwards, Mrs. Alice .... Washington, N. C. 

Ferree, Mrs. T. T High Point, N. C. 

Gerringer, Mrs. Mary .... Greensboro, N. C. 

Holmes, Mrs. Mary Graham, N. C. . . 

Hulin, Mrs. Sarah Queen, N. C 

Hunt, Mrs. Sarah Lexington, N. C. . 

Hunter, Mrs. Lola Pinnacle, N. C. ... 

Kennett, Mrs. Ella Greensboro, N. C. 

Lassiter, Mrs. W. C Rocky Mount, N. C. 

Lowdermilk, Mrs. W. R. . Greenville, N. C. 

Martin, Mrs. W. P Lenoir, N. C. ... 

Millaway, Mrs. G. F Greensboro, N. C. 

O'Briant, Mrs. J. B Rosemary, N. C. 

Quick, Mrs. J. W Pageland, S. C. 

Saunders, Mrs. Myrtle . . . Abner, N. C 

Smith, Mrs. Nannie Asheboro, N. C. 

Troxler, Mrs. Myrtle .... Burlington, N. C. 
Whitaker, Mrs. Clara .... High Point, N. C 
Whitaker, Mrs. Elizabeth . Winston-Salem, N. C. 
Williams, Mrs. Ola Burlington, N. C. . . 

h. Honored Dead 




William Bellamy 
James Hunter . . . 
Albritton Jones . . 
William Price . . . 

Asa Steeley 

Thomas Steeley . . . 
Alexander Albright 
Henry Bradford . . 
Jesse H. Cobb . . . 
Isaac Coe 


R. E. Andrews 

N. Brittain 

D. A. Braswell 

. . C. A. Cecil 

J. F. Dosier 
C. J. Edwards 

T. T. Ferree 
L. W. Gerringer 
G. W. Holmes 
. J. W. Hulin 

G. E. Hunt 
A. L. Hunter 
W. F. Kennett 
W. C. Lassiter 
W. R. Lowdermilk 
W. P. Martin 
G. F. Millaway 
J. B. O'Briant 

J. W. Quick 
C. W. Saunders 
G. Lowdermilk 
R. S. Troxler 
C. L. Whitaker 
C. H. Whitaker 
T. A. Williams 






No. Name Ordained 

11 John Coe 

12 Richardson Davidson 

13 Caswell Drake 

14 Alson Gray, D.D 

15 Joshua Swift 

16 Swain Swift 

17 William Blair 

18 John Moore 

19 Christine Allen 

20 Thomas Y. Cook 

21 James Hunt 

22 Travis Jones 

23 Samuel J. Harris 

24 Alexander Robbins 

2 5 John F. Speight 

26 fm. H. Wills, D.D 

27 Joseph Holmes 

28 H. A. Burton 

29 Thomas L. Carter 

30 James Deans 

3 1 Arrington Gray 

32 John Lambeth 

3 3 Ira E. Norman 

34 Robert R. Prather 

3 5 C. F. Harris, D.D 1846 

36 John Hinshaw 

37 John Paris, D.D 

3 8 B. L. Hoskins 

39 A. C. Harris, M.D 1847 

40 J. L. Michaux, D.D 

41 G. A. T. Whitaker 1842 

42 W. J. Ogburn 

43 A. W. Lineberry, D.D 

44 Andrew Pickens 

45 Joseph Causey 

46 J. W. Heath 

47 R. R. Michaux 

48 John Gordon 

49 John C. Forbis 

50 R. W. Pegram 

51 R. H. Wills 

52 J. C. Dean 

53 J. R. Ball 












S. P. J. Harris 

W. C. Kennett 

W. McB. Roberts 

N. R. Fail 

H. W. Peebles 

C. A. Pickens 

J. S. Dunn 

John L. Swain 

A. J. Laughlin 

G. E. Hunt 

W. C. Hammer 

Henry Lewallen 

Jordon Rominger 

D. A. Highfill 

T. T. Ferree, M.D 

John G. Whitfield, D.D. . . . 

W. W. Amick 

R. R. Hanner 

S. Simpson, D.D 

P. D. Moore 

G. W. Bowman 

D. A. Fishel 

W. P. Martin 

J. H. Totten 

J. M. Wood 

I. I. York 

J. E. Hartsell 

John N. Garrett 

W. L. Harris 

W. F. Kennett 

J. H. Moton 

J. W. Simpson 

W. E. Swain, D.D 

J. F. Dosier 

E. A. Plyler 

W. T. Totten 

W. A. Bunch 

C. A. Cecil 

S. A. Cecil 

C. L. Whitaker, D.D 

A. L. Hunter 

W. R. Lowdermilk 

J. H. Stowe 

















No. Name Ordained Died 

103 G. F. Millaway 1893 1939 

104 C. E. M. Raper 1895 1915 

105 W. C. Lassiter .' 1893 1923 

106 W. F. Ohrum 1892 

107 C. C. Stuart 1892 

108 fm. D. Fogleman 1897 1914 

109 J. L. Giles 1867 1911 

111 C. H. Whitaker 1896 1935 

112 D. A. Braswell 1893 1927 

115 J. R. Walton 1897 

118 J. F. McCulloch, D.D 1893 1934 

122 E. G. Lowdermilk 1898 193 5 

123 J. H. Bowman 1899 1926 

126 J. H. Gilbreath 

128 G. W. Holmes 1903 1938 

131 J. T. Turner 1911 

133 C. J. Edwards 1907 1933 

144 T. A. Williams 1908 1937 

145 L. H. Hatley 1912 1915 

146 R. S. Troxler 1910 1938 

148 L. W. Gerringer, D.D . 1913 1934 

158 J. B. O'Briant 1917 1930 

167 J. W. Hulin 1919 1934 

186 J. W. Quick 1924 1926 

189 N. Brittain 1925 1930 

195 M. P. Chambliss 1926 1934 

200 R. E. Andrews 1914 1932 

226 C. W. Saunders 1931 1934 


Appendix B 
Location of Churches by Counties 

a. Eastern North Carolina 
Alamance — Davis Street and Fountain Place in Burlington. 
Graham in Graham. 

Glen Raven, Fairview, Haw River on Glen Raven Circuit. 
Mebane in Mebane. 

Bellemont, Cedar Cliff, Friendship, and Mt. Hermon on Mt. 
Hermon Circuit. 

Concord, Salem, and Saxapahaw on Saxapahaw Circuit. 
Bethel, Center, and Rock Creek on Alamance Circuit. 


Chatham — Hope, Piney Grove, and Siler City on Liberty-Siler 

City Circuit. 

Sapling Ridge on Alamance Circuit. 

Hickory Grove, Flint Ridge and Zion on Chatham Circuit. 
Granville — Rehoboth on Vance Circuit. 
Halifax — Enfield and Whitaker's Chapel on Enfield Circuit. 

Bethesda, Eden, Hollister, Ringwood and Union ( on Halifax 


College Street, Corinth, Hawkins Chapel, and Weavers 

Chapel on Littleton Circuit. 
Montgomery — Macedonia and Love Joy and Seagrove-Love Joy 


Nash — Whitakers in Whitakers. 

Northampton — Lebanon and Pleasant Hill on Spring Church 

Orange — Chestnut Ridge, Efland, Union Grove, and Hebron on 

Orange Circuit. 

Orange Chapel on Saxapahaw Circuit. 
Tyrrell — Mt. Elma on Creswell Circuit. 
Vance — Christ in Henderson. 

Flat Rock, Gillburg, Harris Chapel, New Hope, and Spring 

Valley on Vance Circuit. 

Mt. Carmel and Union on Granville Circuit. 
Warren — Vaughn on Littleton Circuit. 
Washington — Creswell, Mt. Hermon, Rehoboth, and Woodleys 

Chapel on Creswell Circuit. 

b. Western North Carolina 

Buncombe — Merrimon Avenue in Asheville. 

Weaverville, Clarks Chapel, and Mt. Zion on Weaverville 


Democrat at Barnardsville. 
Burke — Burkes Chapel on Connelly Springs Circuit. 
Cabarrus — Ann Street in Concord. 


Zoar on Mecklenburg Circuit. 

Mill Grove at Midland. 

Kannapolis in Kannapolis. 
Caldiuell — Shady Grove and Shiloh on Connelly Springs Circuit. 
Cleveland — Friendship, Knob Creek, Laurel Hill, Hebron, and 

Macedonia on Cleveland Circuit. 

Shelby on Shelby-Caroleen Circuit. 

Kistlers Union, Lawndale, Mt. Moriah, Mt. Pleasant, Oak 

Grove, and Pleasant Hill on Cleveland Circuit. 


Davidson — Community, First, and West End in Thomasville. 
Pleasant Grove. 

Friendship, Greers Chapel, and Shiloh on Shiloh Circuit. 
Cid and Piney Grove on Mt. Zion Circuit. 
Bethesda, Canaan, and Mt. Pleasant on North Davidson 

Mt. Carmel and First on Lexington Circuit. 
State Street in Lexington. 

Alleghany, Chapel Hill, Lineberry, Pine Hill, Pleasant Grove 
on Davidson Circuit. 
Canaan, Denton, and Mt. Ebal on Denton Circuit. 

Davie — Bethel, Dulins, Elbaville, and Union Chapel on Mocksville 

Forsyth — First in Winston-Salem. 

Harmony Grove, Tabernacle, and Union Hill on West Forsyth 


Kernersville, Pine Grove, South Winston, and Ai on Ker- 

nersville-South Winston Circuit. 

Hickory Ridge, Maple Springs, Mt. Carmel, Union Ridge, and 

Oak Grove on Forsyth Circuit. 

Gaston — Bessemer City on Lincolnton-Bess Chapel Circuit. 

Guilford — Calvary, Grace, St. Paul and West End in Greensboro. 
Gibsonville in Gibsonville. 

First, Lebanon, Rankin Memorial, and Welch Memorial in 
High Point. 

Friendship on Haw River Circuit. 
Sandy Ridge on Kernersville-South Winston Circuit. 
Fairfield, Hickory Grove, Mitchell Grove, and Vickery on 
Guilford Circuit. 

Julian and Tabernacle on Tabernacle Circuit. 
Bethel and Flat Rock on Flat Rock Circuit. 
Brown Summit in Brown Summit. 

Mt. Pleasant and Pleasant Union on Mt. Pleasant Circuit. 
Spring Hill on North Davidson Circuit. 
Shady Grove. 

Iredell — Union Grove on Union Grove Circuit. 

Lincoln — Bess Chapel, Fairfield, and Lincolnton on Lincolnton- 
Bess Chapel Circuit. 

Mecklenburg — Central Avenue in Charlotte. 

Antioch, Beulah, and Stallings on Mecklenburg Circuit. 

V*«**H ""*" Mitchell — Pensacola in Pensacola. 


Randolph — Central in Asheboro. 

Liberty in Liberty. 

Flag Springs, New Hope, New Zion, and Why Not on Why 

Not Circuit. 

Fairgrove, Pleasant Hill, and Seagrove on Seagrove-Love 

Joy Circuit. 

Level Cross, Mt. Lebanon, New Salem, and Worthville on 

Randleman Circuit. 

Bethany, Bethel, Grays Chapel, and Shiloh on Randolph 


Bowers, Charlotte, Cedar Falls, Giles Chapel, and New Union 

on Richland Circuit. 

Liberty Grove on Mt. Pleasant Circuit. 

Mt. Pleasant and Mt. Zion on Mt. Zion Circuit. 

Liberty on Davidson Circuit. 
Richmond — Rockingham in Rockingham. 
Rockingham — Draper in Draper. 

Lindsay Street in Reidsville. 

Bethany, Gideons Grove, and Palestine on Flat Rock Circuit. 

Fair Grove, Midway, and Mizpah on Haw River Circuit. 
Rowan — Spencer and China Grove on Spencer-China Grove Circuit. 
Rutherford — Caroleen on Shelby-Caroleen Circuit. 
Stanly — First in Albemarle. 

Friendship and Loves Grove on Friendship-Loves Grove 


Pine Bluflf near Midland. 

Stokes — Pinnacle on Pinnacle-Mt. Zion Circuit. 
Surry — Mt. Zion, Pilot, and Shoals on Pinnacle-Mt. Zion Circuit. 
Union — New Hope on Mecklenburg Circuit. 
Yadkin — Baltimore and Stony Knoll on West Forsyth Circuit. 

c. Virginia 

Brunswick — Ebenezer, Hobbs Chapel, Matthews Chapel, Philadel- 
phia, Wesleys Chapel, and Macedonia on Greensville Circuit. 
Spring Church on Spring Church Circuit. 

Mecklenburg — Chase City in Chase City. 

Pittsylvania — North Danville in Danville. 

d. South Carolina 

Chesterfield — Bethesda on Rockingham Circuit. 
Laurens — Harmonv on Yarborough Circuit. 
Pickens — Fairview on Anderson Circuit. 
Spartanburg — Liberty Hill on Anderson Circuit. 
Yarborough Chapel on Yarborough Circuit. 

[95 ] 











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Appendix D 
General Conference Representatives 

The North Carolina Conference elected the following as dele- 
gates to the General Conference: 

For 1830 
Ministers— W. W. Hill, Willis Harris, and Dr. Josiah R. Horn. 
Laymen — Spier Whitaker, John F. Bellamy, and Ivey Harris. 

For 1834 
Minister — Willis Harris. 
Layman — Spier Whitaker. 

For 1838 
Minister — Alexander Albright. 
Layman — L. H. B. Whitaker. 

For 1842 
Ministers — Alexander Albright and John F. Speight. 
Laymen — Wilson C. Whitaker and Robert C. Rankin. 

For. 1846 
Ministers— William Bellamy, W. H. Wills, and John Paris. 
Laymen — Dr. John F. Bellamy, Joshua S. Swift, and Spier 

For 1850 
Ministers— -W. H. Wills and John Paris. 
Laymen — Dr. John Arrington and Dr. B. F. Folger. 

For 18 54 
Ministers — W. H. Wills, John F. Speight, and Alson Gray. 
Laymen — Calvin Johnston, M. C. Whitaker, and A. Nicholson. 

For 18 58 
Ministers — John F. Speight, W. H. Wills, and Alson Gray. 
Laymen — James P. Speight, Calvin Johnson, and Dr. M. C. 

For 1862 
Ministers— W. H. Wills, T. H. Pegram, G. A. T. Whitaker, A. 

W. Lineberry, C. F. Harris, and Alson Gray. 
Laymen— ^$1. D. Trotter, G. W. Hege, J. S. Norman, Dr. L. W. 
Batchelor, Dr. M. C. Whitaker, and Dr. T. C. Arrington. 

For 1866 
Ministers— -W '. H. Wills, T. H. Pegram, J. L. Michaux, A. W. 
Lineberry, J. R. Ball, J. H. Page, John Paris, J. C. Deans, 
and R. H. Wills. 


Laymen — J. F. Harris, S. V. Pickens, D. M. Lee, W. D. Trotter, 
Dr. L. W. Batchelor, D. B. Bell, J. P. Speight, M. T. Whitaker, 
G. J. Cherry. 

For 1870 

Ministers— W. H. Wills, T. H. Pegram, C. F. Harris, A. C. Har- 
ris, A. M. Lowe, A. W. Lineberry, and John Paris. 

Laymen — G. J. Cherry, J. P. Speight, J. M. Hancock, Dr. L. W. 
Batchelor, J. M. Odell, J. T. Pickens, and P. A. Cox. 

For 1874 
Ministers— R. H. Wills, J. H. Page, J. R. Ball, A. C. Harris, J. H. 

Gilbreath, J. L. Michaux, John Paris, and T. H. Pegram. 
Laymen — S. Simpson, F. H. Whitaker, W. J. Ellis, W. A. Lindsay, 

W. A. Harris, J. M. Odell, Dr. L. W. Batchelor, and J. L. 


For 1877 
Ministers— W. H. Wills, J. G. Whitfield, John Paris, J. H. Gil- 
breath, T. H. Pegram, J. L. Michaux, A. W. Lineberry, R. H. 

Wills, and Alson Gray. 
Laymen—]. M. Hadley, W. A. Harris, S. V. Pickens, Dr. L. W. 

Batchelor, T. J. Norman, J. A. Gray, J. F. Harris, S. S. 

Norman, and J. C. Roberts. 

For 1880 
N. C. Annual Conference 
Ministers— Wt-H. Wills and J. H. Page. 
Laymen — J. M. Hadley and Dr. L. W. Batchelor. 

Western N. C. Annual Conference 

Ministers — J. R. Ball, A. M. Lowe, C. F. Harris, J. L. Michaux, 

A. W. Lineberry, and C. A. Pickens. 
Laymen — S. V. Pickens, J. C. Roberts, W. A. Lindsay, J. L. 

Ogburn, O. R. Cox, and W. J. Ellis. 

For 1884 
Ministers— T. T. Ferree, R. H. Wills, T. J. Ogburn, W. W. Amick, 

J. L. Michaux, A. W. Lineberry, A. C. Harris, and J. R. Ball. 
Laymen— S. V. Pickens, J. M. Hadley, W. C. Whitaker, J. C. 

Roberts, J. L. Ogburn, J. A. Holt, J. R. Harris, and J. F. 


For 1888 
Ministers— T. J. Ogburn, J. R. Ball, J. L. Michaux, R. H. Wills, 

D. A. Highfill, S. W. Coe, and F. M. Totten. 
Laymen—]. F. Harris, W. C. Whitaker, W. J. Ellis, J. C. Roberts, 

M. H. Holt, J. M. Hadley, and O. R. Cox. 

[ 102] 

For 1892 
Ministers— W. A. Bunch, T. J. Ogburn, W. F. Kennett, W. E. 

Swain, D. A. Highfill, C. L. Whitaker, J. R. Ball, and C. A. 

Laymen—]. L. Ogburn, W. C. Whitaker, R. T. Pickens, G. W. 

Holmes, W. C. Hammer, Jr., George S. Wills, J. S. Hunter, 

and George B. Harris. 

For 1896 

Ministers — W. A. Bunch, T. M. Johnson, T. J. Ogburn, J. F. Mc- 
Culloch, C. A. Cecil, L. L. Albright, T. T. Ferree, A. W. Line- 
berry, and W. E. Swain. 

Laymen — F. R. Harris, O. R. Cox, A. M. Rankin, R. T. Pickens, 
J. C. Roberts, J. M. Hadley, W. P. Pickett, J. L. Ogburn, and 
J. Norman Wills. 

For 1900 

Ministers — W. F. Kennett, W. A. Bunch, T. J. Ogburn, T. M. 
Johnson, C. L. Whitaker, C. A. Cecil, J. F. McCulloch, J. R. 
Hutton, and G. F. Millaway. 

Laymen— W. C. Whitaker, R. H. Brooks, W. P. Pickett, J. Norman 
Wills, J. M. Hadley, J. A. Holt, A. J. Harris, R. T. Pickens, 
and W. K. Hartsell. 

For 1904 

Ministers — T. M. Johnson, C. L. Whitaker, W. A. Bunch, T. J. 
Ogburn, J. F. McCulloch, R. M. Andrews, J. D. Williams, 
C. A. Cecil, J. R. Hutton, and Wm. Porter. 

Laymen—]. Norman Wills, L. R. Harris, W. P. Pickett, Dr. R. H. 
Speight, Dr. I. N. McLean, A. M. Rankin, J. Allen Holt, 
Charles Ross, A. A. Hicks, and L. Yarborough. 

For 1908 
Ministers — W. E. Swain, T. M. Johnson, R. M. Andrews, T. J. 

Ogburn, J. D. Williams, J. F. McCulloch, J. S. Williams, C. 

L. Whitaker, W. F. Kenrtett, and A. G. Dixon. 
Laymen — J. Norman Wills, R. T. Pickens, A. M. Rankin, T. A.. 

Hunter, J. Allen Holt, A. J. Harris, Dr. W. R. Goley, J. Ed. 

Swain, W. C. Flammer, Jr., and O. R. Cox. 

For 1912 

Ministers— T. M. Johnson, C. A. Cecil, W. E. Swain, J. D. Wil- 
liams, J. R. Hutton, N. G. Bethea, G. W. Holmes, J. F. 
McCulloch, W. F. Kennett, and T. J. Ogburn. 

Laymen — A. M. Rankin, S. R. Harris, M. H. Holt, T. A. Hunter, 
R. T. Pickens, Dr. W. R. Goley, Dr. G. E. Mathews, J. 
Norman Wills, J. D. Ross, J. R. Harrison, and A. J. Harris. 


For 1916 
Ministers — C. A. Cecil, A. G. Dixon, R. M. Andrews, T. M. 

Johnson, W. E. Swain, S. W. Taylor, G. W. Holmes, J. F. 

McCulloch, C. L. Whitaker, N. G. Bethea, and C. E. Forlines. 
Laymen — J. E. Swain, L. L. Wren, S. R. Harris, R. M. Cox, 

O. W. Hanner, J. Norman Wills, J. M. Millikan, A. M. 

Rankin, J. H. Harrison, Jr., H. A. Garrett, and T. A. 


For 1920 
Ministers— R. M. Andrews, J. D. Williams, C. A. Cecil, T. M. 

Johnson, C. L. Whitaker, S. W. Taylor, G. W. Holmes, A. G. 

Dixon, C. E. Forlines, C. W. Bates, N. G. Bethea, and J. F. 

Laymen—]. Norman Wills, V. W. Idol, L. L. Wren, H. A. Garrett, 

A. M. Rankin, A. H. Evans, A. J. Harris, W. L. Ward, R. F. 

Williams, S. C. Whitaker, J. M. Millikan, and Dr. W. R. 


For 1924 
Mmisters—R. M. Andrews, A. G. Dixon, S. W. Taylor, J. E. 

Pritchard, C. L. Whitaker, G. R. Brown, J. D. Williams, T. 

M. Johnson, C. W. Bates, C. E. Forlines, L. W. Gerringer, 

N. G. Bethea, and R. C. Stubbins. 
Laymen— V. W. Idol, A. M. Rankin, J. Norman Wills, T. O. 

Pender, C. F. Finch, H. A. Garrett, Arthur Ross, Dr. W. R. 

Goley, R. F. Williams, R. N. Hauser, J. M. Cutchin, Jr., 

J. M. Millikan, and J. H. Allen. 

For 192 8 

Ministers— S. W. Taylor, C. W. Bates, A. G. Dixon, L. W. Ger- 
ringer, J. E. Pritchard, G. L. Curry, C. E. Forlines, R. M. 
Andrews, J. D. Williams, R. A. Hunter, G. R. Brown, N. G. 
Bethea, J. F. McCulloch, and R. C. Stubbins. 

Laymen— W. L. Ward, J. M. Cutchin, J. Norman Wills, Mrs. 
W. C. Hammer, R. N. Hauser, R. M. Cox, J. B. Hicks, Mrs. 
H. C. Nicholson, H. A. Moffitt, J. G. Rogers, L. L. Wren, 
G. T. Penny, Mrs. G. R. Brown, and A. M. Rankin. 

For 1932 

Ministers — C. W. Bates, S. W. Taylor, G. R. Brown, R. I. Farmer, 
N. M. Harrison, J. D. Williams, R. M. Andrews, L. W. Ger- 
ringer, F. W. Paschall, P. E. Lindley, C. E. Forlines, N. G. 
Bethea, T. M. Johnson, H. F. Surratt, B. M. Williams, and 
J. A. Burgess. 

Laymen— J. B. Hicks, Mrs. W. C. Hammer, W. L. Ward, L. E. 
Teague, C. C. Robbins, A. M. Rankin, J. Norman Wills, C. J. 


Roberts, O. F. Stafford, W. A. Davies, Mrs. H. C. Nicholson, 
W. T. Hanner, T. S. Coble, J. M. Cutchin, W. F. Redding, 
Jr., and H. A. Garrett. 

For 1936 
Ministers— C. W. Bates, F. W. Paschall, R. M. Andrews, G. R. 

Brown, J. E. Pritchard, S. W. Taylor, T. M. Johnson, P. E. 

Lindley, J. D. Williams, J. Elwood Carroll, C. E. Forlines, 

J. C. Auman, N. G. Bethea, H. F. Surratt, and R. A. Hunter. 
Laymen — J. Norman Wills, Mrs. W. C. Hammer, Dr. W. C. 

Goley, C. C. Robbins, J. H. Allen, J. G. Rogers, A. M. 

Rankin, Mrs. D. S. Coltrane, L. R. Gooch, W. A. Davies, 

L. L. Wren, Mrs. H. C. Nicholson, L. F. Ross, J. B. Hicks, 

and J. M. Cutchin. 

For the Uniting Conference, April 26-May 12, 1939 
Ministers—]. E. Pritchard, C. W. Bates, C. E. Forlines. S. W. 

Taylor, R. M. Andrews, G. R. Brown, F. W. Paschall. 
Laymen — M. A. Coble, Mrs. W. C. Hammer, J. Norman Wills, 

L. L. Wren, W. F. Redding, Jr., A. J. Koonce, J. B. Hicks. 

(Mr. Wren being ill at the time, first alternate J. H. Allen 

attended the Conference) . 


Appendix E 
Statistical Table by Five Year Periods 



















































































5 |$ 24,155 






25 | 103 







80 102 







59 [ 126 







93 | 147 







111 | 177 








152 | 191 





| 208 









13,479 200 216 34 






14,252 | 105 | 







18,008 214 235 







20,587 211 223 







24,662 218 225 








25,969 215 233 






25,322 | 216 | 232 



[ 106] 

Appendix F 


1 Bassett, J. S., A Short History of 
the United States, pp. 392, 474. For 
a statement of how the wave of 
democratic spirit expressed itself in 
numerous state laws see pages 376 to 
474 of this work. 

" Mode, Peter G., The Frontier Spirit 
of American Christianity, pp. 12 8f. 

3 Paris, John, History of the Meth- 
odist Protestant Church, pp. 43 f. 

4 Drinkhouse, Edward J., The History 
of Methodist Reform and Methodist 
Protestant Church, 11.84. 

" Paris, op. cit., p. 61. 

"ibid., pp. 91-94. 

7 Ibid., p. 290. 

8 Ibid., p. 292. 
"Ibid., p. 293. 


1 Weslcyan Repository, III. 12 3. 

- Ibid., 111.130. 

3 Drinkhouse, op. cit., 11.66. 
Bassett, A. C, A Concise History 
of the Methodist Protestant Church, 
pp. 84f. 

Constitution and Discipline of the 
Methodist Protestant Church, 1831, 
p. 16. 

Mutual Rights, 1.402. 

"ibid., 1.402. 
Minutes of the Conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, 1.3 3,75. 

" Mutual Rights, 1.402. 

111 Bangs, Nathan, Vindication of Meth- 
odist Episcopacy, p. 96. 

11 Wesleyan Repository, 1.3 69. 

v - Methodist Protestant, 1.5. 


1 Methodist Protestant Herald, March 
15, 1928 (Hereafter referred to as w 
Herald). u 

~ Minutes of the North Carolina An- 1_ 
nual Conference of the Methodist 
Protectant Church, Vol. I, pp. 1, 2 14 
(Hereafter referred to as Minutes). '" 

3 Minutes, 1. 10. w 

4 Minutes, 1.10 5. 1T 
" Journal of the North Carolina An- 

nual Conference of the Methodist 
Protestant Church, 1897, pp. 1 2 f . 20 
(Hereafter referred to as Journal). 
Minutes, 1.2. 

'Ibid., 1.81. 23 

8 Journal, 1895, pp. lOf. 

Ibid., 1919, p. 57. 
Minutes, 1.6 5. 
Journal, 1893, p. 5. 
Ibid., 1902, p. 17. 
Minutes, 1.184. 
Ibid., IV. 12 8. 
Ibid., 1.207. 
Journal, 1910, p. 16. 
Ibid., 1912, p. 16. 
Minutes, 1.2 3 0. 
Ibid., III. 540. 
Journal, 1913, p. 45. 
Ibid., 1920, p. 62. 
Ibid., 1928, p. 23. 
Minutes, III.420-42 5. 
Ibid., III. 499. 

1 Minn 

tes, III. 280 

2 Ibid., 

III.5 53f. 

3 Ibid., 


4 Ibid., 


5 Ibid., 


" Ibid., 


7 Ibid., 


8 Ibid., 



"Ibid., V.12f. 

111 Journal, 1894, 

p. 21 

11 Ibid., 1894, p. 


r - Ibid., 1894, p. 


13 Ibid., 1896, p. 


14 Ibid., 1896, p. 


'■'Ibid., 1897, p. 



1 Minutes, 1.92. 

"Ibid., 1. 110. 

3 Ibid., 1.249. 

'■Ibid., I.291f. 

6 Ibid., 1.178. 

Ibid., II.127f. 

7 7/W., 11.511. 

8 /&/</., III. 165. 


9 Ibid., I.102f. 
10 Ibid., 1.293. 
n Jfe/., IV.3 5. 
12 Joitrnal, 1894, p. 3 3. 
1S Ibid., 1898, p. 2 5. 
™ Ibid., 1906, p. 31; 1907, p. 

15 Minutes, III.374. 

16 Herald, Nov. 2 8, 193 5, pp. 




1 Minutes, 11.3 88. 

2 Ibid., 11.437. 

3 /£«/., 11.451. 
Kennett, P. S., Unpublished manu- 
script on Methodist Protestant 
Church in North Carolina, p. 3 8. 

5 Minutes, III.301. 

e Ibid., III.320. 

7 Journal, 1893, pp. 19-22. 

8 Ibid., 1893, pp. 2 8f. 
"Ibid., 1894, p. 6. 

10 Ibid., 1895, p. 27. 

11 Ibid., 1896, pp. 3 If. 

12 Ibid., 1897, p. 6. 

13 Herald, May 22, 1930, p. 4. 

1 Minutes, 1. 88. 

2 /£;</., 1.313. 

3 /£«/., 11.73. 

4 /£/'</., 1.327. 

5 Ibid., 11.18 5. 

6 /&/</., 1.316; 11.10, 12. 

7 Ibid., II.102f. 

8 /£/</., 111.2 5. 

"Journal, 1910, p. 12. 
10 Minutes, 1.288. 
U IW., 11.13 5. 

12 Ibid., 11.13 5. 

13 !&</., 11.15 6. 

14 Ibid., 11.143. 

15 Ibid., 11.157, 164. 

16 /£/</., II. 19 If. 

17 /£/</., 11.218f., 231, 240. 
h Kennett, op. cit., pp. 3 Of. 

19 Minutes, 11.10. 

20 Ibid., 11.3 5, 37. 

21 Ibid., 11.47. 



22 /£«*., 11.69. 

23 Ibid., 11.114. 

24 /£;</., n.140, 

25 Ibid., 11.200. 
26 /&/</., 11.298. 
27 /£/</., 11.321. 

" Kennett, op. cit., p. 27. 

29 Minutes, III. 15 5- 15 8. 
20 Ibid., III. 188, 191. 

31 Ibid., III.224f. 

32 Ibid., III.245f. 
" Journal, 1912, p. 

34 Minutes, IV. 18 6. 

35 Ibid., IV.23 5. 

30 Ibid., IV.3 5 3. 
37 Ibid., IV.426f. 
3S Journal, 1894, p. 
39 Ibid., 1894, p. 5. 

" Journal, 1895, p. 
"■Ibid., 1933, p. ' 






1 Journal, 1894, p. 5. 

2 Ibid., 1894, p. 27. 

s Ibid., 1907, p. 49. 

"■Ibid., 1907, pp. 12, 14. 

5 Ibid., 1907, p. 21. 

6 Ibid., 1920, p. 32. 

7 Ibid., 1901, p. 23. 

8 Ibid., 1902, pp. 12, 13, 18, 27. 
Ibid., 1904, p. 7. 

10 Ibid., 1905, p. 20. 

11 Ibid., 1906, pp. 32f. 

12 Ibid., 1908, pp. 13f. 

13 Ibid., 1908, p. 31. 

14 Ibid., 1910, p. 3 0. The name of J. 
Norman Wills, though he was a 
member of the Board of Education, 
is omitted from the list as it ap- 
pears in the Journal. 

15 Ibid., 1917, p. 27. 
10 Ibid., 1918, p. 24. 

17 Ibid., 1919, p. 59. 

18 Ibid., 1919, p. 63. 

19 Wills, J. Norman, Legal Document 
Setting Forth Offer to the Board of 
Education, page 1 ; and supplement 
to same. 

[ 108] 

CHAPTER VIII— Continued 

20 Journal, 1921, pp. 38f. 

21 Ibid., 1923, p. 41. 

1 Minutes, 1.5 8. 

2 Ibid., 111.24. 

"/£/</., 111.89. 

4 Ibid., III. 164. 

5 /£/</., III.324. 

6 Ibid., IV. 17 6. 

7 Journal, 1908, 
8 /£i</., 1908, p. 
9 Ibid., 1915, p. 

p. 15. 


Journal, 1897, p. 29. 

2 Russell, Mrs. Mabel Williams, His- 
tory of the Methodist Protestant 
Children's Howe, p. 6. 

3 Ibid., p. 7. 

4 Journal, 1910, p. 9. 
'' Ibid., 1910, p. 34. 
°/fe/., 1910, p. 12. 

1 Minutes, II.107f. 

2 Ibid., 1.115. 

3 Journal, 1894, p. 29. 
4 /£/'</., 1895, p. 29. 

h Ibid., 1913, p. 37. 
6 Minutes, III. 1 5 5- 
1 Ibid., III. 194. 
8 Journal, 1899, p. 17. 
9 /£?</., 1902, p. 16. 
10 Ibid., 1916, p. 72. 

1 Journal, 1916, p. 22. 
-Ibid., 1912, pp. 43 f. 

"Ibid., 193 5, p. 41. 
z3 Ibid., 193 8, pp. 44f. 


10 Jfe/., 1921, p. 56. 

11 Ibid., 1923, p. 43. 

12 Ibid., 1923, p. 67. 

13 Chandler, Mrs. E. C, History of 
the Woman's Foreign Missionary So- 
ciety of the Methodist Protestant 
Church, pp. 34-43. 

14 Ibid., p. 227. 


7 Ibid., 

1911, p. 23. 

8 Russell, op. cit., p. 8. 

Ibid., p. 8. 
10 Journal, 1913, p. 4 5. 
11 /£«/., 1921, p. 50. 

12 Ibid., 192 8, p. 74. 

13 Ibid., 193 0, p. 5 6. 

14 Russell, op. cit., p. 18. 


11 Ibid., 



28, 53. 

12 Ibid., 




13 Ibid., 




14 /£;</., 



33, 35. 

15 Ibid., 




10 Journal of 




of the 

Methodist Protestant 



p. 33 

11 Journal, 193 6, 

p. 26. 


3 Ibid., 1894, p. 23. 

4 Ibid., 1923, p. 97. 


Appendix G 
Brief Bibliography 

a. Primary Sources 

Constitution and Discipline of the Methodist Protestant Church, 
Baltimore, 1831; Baltimore, 1835. 

Discipline of the Methodist Episcopal Church, Philadelphia, 1790; 
New York, 1804, 1832. 

Instruments of Association, Baltimore, 1828. In Drinkhouse Col- 
lection, 516 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland. 

Journal of the General Conference of the Methodist Protestant 
Church, 1824-1858, Baltimore. Bound. 

Journals of the North Carolina Annual Conference of the Meth- 
odist Protestant Church, 1889-1938. One issued each year 
in printed form. 

Minutes of the North Carolina Annual Conference of the Meth- 
odist Protestant Church, Vol. 1-5, 1828-1892, in the vault at 
High Point College, High Point, North Carolina. Manuscript. 

Minutes of the Meetings of the Reform Women of Baltimore, 
1827-1828. In Drinkhouse Collection, 516 North Charles 
Street, Baltimore, Maryland. Manuscript. 

Minutes of the Annual Meetings of the Methodist Protestant Mis- 
sionary Society of the North Carolina Conference, 1845-1890, 
in the vault at High Point College, High Point, North 
Carolina. Manuscript. 

Mutual Rights of the Ministers and Members of the Methodist'. 
Episcopal Church, Vol. 1-4, 1824-1828, Baltimore. 

Mutual Rights and Christian Intelligencer, Vol. 1-2, 1829-1830, 

Mutual Rights and Methodist Protestant, Vol. 1-4, 1830-1834, 
Baltimore. Continued under the title of Methodist Protestant, 
Vol. 5-99, 183 5-1929, Baltimore; then The Methodist Prot- 
estant-Recorder, 1929-1939. 

Our Church Record, Vol. 1-16, 1894-1910, Greensboro. Official 
organ of the N. C. Annual Conference. Changed title in 
1910 to The Methodist Protestant Herald and continued until 
November 1939. Complete file in High Point College, High 
Point, North Carolina. 


Proceedings of the Baltimore Union Society, December 12, 1S27, 
Baltimore, 1828. 

Proceedings of the General Convention of Delegates, 1827, Balti- 
more, 1827. 

The Wesleyan Repository and Religious Intelligencer, Vol. 1, 1821, 
Trenton, New Jersey; Vol. 2, 3, 1822-1824, Philadelphia. 

b. Secondary Sources 

Bangs, Nathan, A History of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
4 vols., New York, 18 57. 

Barnes, I. A., The Methodist Protestant Church in West Virginia, 
Baltimore, 1926. 

Bassett, Ancel H., A Concise History of the Methodist Protestant 
Church, Pittsburgh, 1887. 

Chandler, Mrs. E. C, History of the Woman's Foreign Missionary 
Society of the Methodist Protestant Church, Pittsburgh, 1920. 

Creitzburg, A. M., Early Methodism in the Carolinas, Nashville, 

Curtis, Lewis, and a staff, The General Conferences of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, 1792-1896, Cincinnati, 1900. 

Davis, Lyman E., Democratic Methodism in America, New York, 

Drinkhouse, Edward J., The History of Methodist Reform and the 
Methodist Protestant Church, 2 vols., Baltimore, 1899. 

Grissom, W. L., History of Methodism in North Carolina, Nash- 
ville, 1905. 

Kennett, P. S., Unpublished Mamiscript on Methodist Protestant 
Church in North Carolina. In his possessions, High Point. 

Lee, Jesse, A Short History of the Methodists in the United States 
of America, Baltimore, 1810. 

Lewis, T. H., Methodist Protestant Principles, Baltimore, 1899. 

McTyeire, Holland N., A History of Methodism, Nashville, 1888. 

Mode, Peter G., The Frontier Spirit in American Christianity, 
New York, 1923. 

O'Kelley, James, Apology for Leaving the Episcopal Methodists, 
Pittsburgh, cl 796. 

Origin of American Methodism: Report of Joint Commission 
Representing Methodist Episcopal Church, Methodist Epis- 


copal Church, South, and Methodist Protestant Church, 
Chicago, 1916. 

Paris, John, History of the Methodist Protestant Church, Balti- 
more, 1849. 

Paris, John, The Methodist Protestant Manual, Baltimore, 1878. 

Porter, James A., A Compendium of Methodism, Boston, 18 52. 

Russell, Mabel Williams, History of the Methodist Protestant 
Children's Home, Greensboro, 1935. 

Stevens, Abel, History of Methodism, 4 vols., New York, 1858. 

Williams, James R., History of the Methodist Protestant Church, 
Baltimore, 1843. 

Wills, J. Norman, Legal Document Setting Forth Offer to the 
Board of Education; and supplement to same. In his posses- 
sions, Greensboro. 

Workman, H. B., Methodism, New York, 1912. 


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